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Annie Dillard's Classic Essay: 'Total Eclipse' Seeing a partial eclipse bears the same relation to seeing a total eclipse as kissing a man does to marrying him. Two Dark American Truths From Las Vegas. Real! Google and Sudan´s Water Essay, Facebook Have Failed Us. A Presidential Speech Steeped in is altruism, Hypocrisy. Did the Las Vegas Shooting Involve an english speeches Automatic Weapon? Why Did the Islamic State Claim the is altruism real Las Vegas Shooting? Ever since it was first published in 1982, readersincluding this onehave thrilled to Total Eclipse, Annie Dillards masterpiece of literary nonfiction, which describes her personal experience of define gourmand, a solar eclipse in Washington State. It first appeared in Dillards landmark collection, Teaching a Stone to is altruism, Talk , and was recently republished in The Abundance , a new anthology of her work.

The Atlantic is of Solar Essay, pleased to offer the real essay in full, here, until the end of August. It had been like dying, that sliding down the mountain pass. It had been like the death of someone, irrational, that sliding down the mountain pass and into the region of of Solar Power, dread. It was like slipping into fever, or falling down that hole in sleep from is altruism real, which you wake yourself whimpering. We had crossed the mountains that day, and Issues and “Saints and Roughnecks”, now we were in real, a strange placea hotel in central Washington, in speeches for school, a town near Yakima. Is Altruism Real! The eclipse we had traveled here to see would occur early in Sudan´s Fresh Water Supply, the next morning.

This article is adapted from Dillards recent book . I lay in bed. My husband, Gary, was reading beside me. I lay in bed and is altruism, looked at the painting on define gourmand the hotel room wall. It was a print of is altruism, a detailed and lifelike painting of a smiling clowns head, made out of vegetables. Future Essay! It was a painting of the sort which you do not intend to look at, and which, alas, you never forget. Some tasteless fate presses it upon real, you; it becomes part of the complex interior junk you carry with you wherever you go. Two years have passed since the total eclipse of which I write. During those years I have forgotten, I assume, a great many things I wanted to rememberbut I have not forgotten that clown painting or its lunatic setting in the old hotel. The clown was bald. Actually, he wore a clowns tight rubber wig, painted white; this stretched over the top of his skull, which was a cabbage.

His hair was bunches of character's definition, baby carrots. Is Altruism! Inset in his white clown makeup, and in his cabbage skull, were his small and Future Power Essay, laughing human eyes. The clowns glance was like the glance of Rembrandt in is altruism, some of the self-portraits: lively, knowing, deep, and loving. Of Physical Education! The crinkled shadows around his eyes were string beans. Is Altruism Real! His eyebrows were parsley. Each of definition of physical, his ears was a broad bean. His thin, joyful lips were red chili peppers; between his lips were wet rows of human teeth and a suggestion of is altruism real, a real tongue. The clown print was framed in gilt and Fresh Supply Essay, glassed. To put ourselves in the path of the real total eclipse, that day we had driven five hours inland from the Washington coast, where we lived. When we tried to following were italian, cross the real Cascades range, an avalanche had blocked the pass. A slopes worth of english, snow blocked the road; traffic backed up.

Had the avalanche buried any cars that morning? We could not learn. Real! This highway was the only winter road over speeches for school the mountains. We waited as highway crews bulldozed a passage through the avalanche. With two-by-fours and walls of plywood, they erected a one-way, roofed tunnel through the is altruism avalanche. We drove through the definition avalanche tunnel, crossed the pass, and descended several thousand feet into central Washington and is altruism real, the broad Yakima valley, about Sudan´s Supply Essay which we knew only that it was orchard country.

As we lost altitude, the snows disappeared; our ears popped; the trees changed, and in the trees were strange birds. I watched the is altruism landscape innocently, like a fool, like a diver in Future of Solar Power Essay, the rapture of the deep who plays on the bottom while his air runs out. Is Altruism! On August 21, an define gourmand eclipse will sweep across the United States, from the redwood forests of is altruism real, Oregon to the shores of South Carolina. Read The Atlantic s coverage here. The hotel lobby was a dark, derelict room, narrow as a corridor, and seemingly without air. Of Physical! We waited on real a couch while the product line manager vanished upstairs to do something unknown to is altruism, our room. Define Gourmand! Beside us on an overstuffed chair, absolutely motionless, was a platinum-blonde woman in her forties wearing a black silk dress and a strand of pearls.

Her long legs were crossed; she supported her head on her fist. At the is altruism real dim far end of the room, their backs toward us, sat six bald old men in their shirtsleeves, around a loud television. Two of them seemed asleep. Education! They were drunks. Number six! cried the man on television, Number six! On the real broad lobby desk, lighted and bubbling, was a ten-gallon aquarium containing one large fish; the fish tilted up and Common in “The Outsiders” and “Saints and Roughnecks”, down in its water. Real! Against the long opposite for school, wall sang a live canary in is altruism, its cage. Beneath the definition cage, among spilled millet seeds on the carpet, were a decorated childs sand bucket and is altruism real, matching sand shovel. Now the alarm was set for 6. I lay awake remembering an article I had read downstairs in the lobby, in Water Supply Essay, an engineering magazine.

The article was about gold mining. Seeing a partial eclipse bears the real same relation to seeing a total eclipse as kissing a man does to marrying him. Common Issues In “The Outsiders” And “Saints! In South Africa, in real, India, and in South Dakota, the gold mines extend so deeply into character's motivation the Earths crust that they are hot. Is Altruism Real! The rock walls burn the miners hands. Define Gourmand! The companies have to real, air-condition the Essay mines; if the real air conditioners break, the miners die. The elevators in the mine shafts run very slowly, down, and which of the following italian city-states?, up, so the miners ears will not pop in real, their skulls. When the english for school miners return to the surface, their faces are deathly pale. Is Altruism Real! Early the next morning we checked out. Which Of The Following Were Italian City-states?! It was February 26, 1979, a Monday morning.

We would drive out of is altruism real, town, find a hilltop, watch the Future Power eclipse, and then drive back over the mountains and real, home to the coast. How familiar things are here; how adept we are; how smoothly and following were italian city-states?, professionally we check out! I had forgotten the real clowns smiling head and the hotel lobby as if they had never existed. Of Physical! Gary put the is altruism real car in gear and off we went, as off we have gone to a hundred other adventures. It was dawn when we found a highway out of town and Supply, drove into real the unfamiliar countryside. By the motivation definition growing light we could see a band of cirrostratus clouds in is altruism, the sky. Later the rising sun would clear these clouds before the eclipse began.

We drove at random until we came to a range of unfenced hills. We pulled off the Fresh Supply highway, bundled up, and climbed one of real, these hills. Define Gourmand! The hill was 500 feet high. Long winter-killed grass covered it, as high as our knees. Is Altruism Real! We climbed and define gourmand, rested, sweating in the cold; we passed clumps of is altruism real, bundled people on the hillside who were setting up telescopes and Sudan´s Fresh Water Supply Essay, fiddling with cameras. The top of the hill stuck up in the middle of the sky. We tightened our scarves and looked around. East of us rose another hill like ours. Between the is altruism real hills, far below, 13 was the define gourmand highway which threaded south into is altruism the valley. Define Gourmand! This was the real Yakima valley; I had never seen it before.

It is which of the following italian city-states?, justly famous for its beauty, like every planted valley. Is Altruism Real! It extended south into the horizon, a distant dream of a valley, a Shangri-la. All its hundreds of Water Supply, low, golden slopes bore orchards. Real! Among the motivation definition orchards were towns, and roads, and is altruism, plowed and Fresh Water Supply, fallow fields. Through the real valley wandered a thin, shining river; from the definition of physical education river extended fine, frozen irrigation ditches. Distance blurred and blued the is altruism sight, so that the Sudan´s Fresh Water Essay whole valley looked like a thickness or sediment at the bottom of the sky. Directly behind us was more sky, and empty lowlands blued by distance, and Mount Adams. Mount Adams was an enormous, snow-covered volcanic cone rising flat, like so much scenery.

Now the is altruism real sun was up. We could not see it; but the sky behind the band of of Solar, clouds was yellow, and, far down the valley, some hillside orchards had lighted up. More people were parking near the highway and is altruism, climbing the following city-states? hills. It was the West. Is Altruism Real! All of of physical education, us rugged individualists were wearing knit caps and is altruism, blue nylon parkas. People were climbing the nearby hills and setting up shop in clumps among the dead grasses. It looked as though we had all gathered on hilltops to english speeches for school, pray for the world on its last day. It looked as though we had all crawled out of spaceships and were preparing to assault the real valley below.

It looked as though we were scattered on hilltops at dawn to which were, sacrifice virgins, make rain, set stone stelae in is altruism, a ring. There was no place out of Solar, of the wind. Is Altruism Real! The straw grasses banged our legs. Look at Mount Adams, I said, and Sudan´s Fresh Supply, that was the last sane moment I remember. Up in the sky where we stood the air was lusterless yellow.

To the west the sky was blue. Now the real sun cleared the clouds. We cast rough shadows on the blowing grass; freezing, we waved our arms. Near the Common Issues Outsiders” and Roughnecks” sun, the is altruism real sky was bright and colorless. There was nothing to see.

It began with no ado. It was odd that such a well advertised public event should have no starting gun, no overture, no introductory speaker. I should have known right then that I was out of Future, my depth. Without pause or preamble, silent as orbits, a piece of the sun went away. We looked at it through welders goggles. A piece of the is altruism sun was missing; in its place we saw empty sky. I had seen a partial eclipse in 1970. Issues And Roughnecks”! A partial eclipse is very interesting. It bears almost no relation to a total eclipse. Seeing a partial eclipse bears the is altruism same relation to seeing a total eclipse as kissing a man does to marrying him, or as flying in an airplane does to falling out character's definition, of an real airplane.

Although the one experience precedes the other, it in no way prepares you for Common Issues Highlighted in “The Outsiders” and “Saints and Roughnecks” it. Is Altruism Real! During a partial eclipse the sky does not darkennot even when 94 percent of the define gourmand sun is hidden. Nor does the sun, seen colorless through protective devices, seem terribly strange. We have all seen a sliver of light in the sky; we have all seen the crescent moon by day. However, during a partial eclipse the is altruism real air does indeed get cold, precisely as if someone were standing between you and the fire. And blackbirds do fly back to Sudan´s Fresh Water Supply, their roosts. I had seen a partial eclipse before, and here was another. Real! What you see in which of the following italian, an eclipse is entirely different from real, what you know. Which Of The Were Italian City-states?! It is especially different for those of us whose grasp of is altruism real, astronomy is of Solar Power, so frail that, given a flashlight, a grapefruit, two oranges, and is altruism real, 15 years, we still could not figure out line, which way to set the is altruism clocks for daylight saving time.

Usually it is a bit of a trick to keep your knowledge from blinding you. Definition! But during an eclipse it is easy. Is Altruism! What you see is define gourmand, much more convincing than any wild-eyed theory you may know. You may read that the moon has something to do with eclipses. I have never seen the moon yet. Is Altruism Real! You do not see the character's motivation moon. So near the sun, it is real, as completely invisible as the Future of Solar Power Essay stars are by day. Is Altruism Real! What you see before your eyes is the sun going through phases.

It gets narrower and define gourmand, narrower, as the waning moon does, and, like the ordinary moon, it travels alone in the simple sky. Is Altruism Real! The sky is of course background. Sudan´s Water! It does not appear to is altruism, eat the sun; it is far behind the Sudan´s Supply Essay sun. The sun simply shaves away; gradually, you see less sun and more sky. The skys blue was deepening, but there was no darkness. Is Altruism! The sun was a wide crescent, like a segment of definition education, tangerine. The wind freshened and blew steadily over the hill. The eastern hill across the is altruism highway grew dusky and sharp.

The towns and of physical, orchards in the valley to the south were dissolving into the blue light. Is Altruism! Only the character's motivation definition thin river held a trickle of sun. Is Altruism Real! Now the which were italian sky to is altruism real, the west deepened to character's, indigo, a color never seen. Is Altruism! A dark sky usually loses color. This was a saturated, deep indigo, up in the air. Stuck up into that unworldly sky was the cone of Highlighted and Roughnecks”, Mount Adams, and the alpenglow was upon it.

The alpenglow is that red light of sunset which holds out on snowy mountaintops long after the is altruism real valleys and define gourmand, tablelands are dimmed. Is Altruism Real! Look at definition education, Mount Adams, I said, and that was the last sane moment I remember. I turned back to real, the sun. It was going. The sun was going, and the world was wrong. The grasses were wrong; they were platinum. Their every detail of stem, head, and blade shone lightless and define gourmand, artificially distinct as an art photographers platinum print. This color has never been seen on real Earth. The hues were metallic; their finish was matte. English Speeches For School! The hillside was a 19th-century tinted photograph from is altruism real, which the tints had faded.

All the people you see in nike, the photograph, distinct and is altruism, detailed as their faces look, are now dead. The sky was navy blue. Sudan´s Fresh Supply Essay! My hands were silver. All the is altruism real distant hills grasses were finespun metal which the Common Issues Outsiders” and “Saints and Roughnecks” wind laid down. Is Altruism Real! I was watching a faded color print of a movie filmed in the Middle Ages; I was standing in which following were, it, by some mistake. I was standing in a movie of hillside grasses filmed in the Middle Ages. Is Altruism Real! I missed my own century, the people I knew, and the real light of define gourmand, day. The sky snapped over is altruism real the sun like a lens cover. The hatch in Sudan´s Fresh Water Supply, the brain slammed. Is Altruism Real! I looked at Future Power, Gary. Real! He was in the film.

Everything was lost. Sudan´s Fresh! He was a platinum print, a dead artists version of life. I saw on his skull the darkness of real, night mixed with the colors of day. My mind was going out; my eyes were receding the motivation way galaxies recede to real, the rim of space. Gary was light-years away, gesturing inside a circle of darkness, down the wrong end of Water Supply, a telescope. Real! He smiled as if he saw me; the define gourmand stringy crinkles around his eyes moved.

The sight of him, familiar and wrong, was something I was remembering from is altruism real, centuries hence, from the other side of death: Yes, that is the which following city-states? way he used to is altruism, look, when we were living. When it was our generations turn to be alive. I could not hear him; the wind was too loud. Behind him the which following italian city-states? sun was going. Real! We had all started down a chute of time.

At first it was pleasant; now there was no stopping it. Gary was chuting away across space, moving and talking and catching my eye, chuting down the define gourmand long corridor of separation. Real! The skin on Water Supply Essay his face moved like thin bronze plating that would peel. The grass at our feet was wild barley. It was the wild einkorn wheat which grew on the hilly flanks of the Zagros Mountains, above the Euphrates valley, above the valley of the river we called River. We harvested the grass with stone sickles, I remember. Real! We found the grasses on the hillsides; we built our shelter beside them and character's definition, cut them down. That is how he used to look then, that one, moving and is altruism real, living and catching my eye, with the sky so dark behind him, and the wind blowing. God save our life.

From all the hills came screams. Italian! A piece of sky beside the crescent sun was detaching. It was a loosened circle of evening sky, suddenly lighted from the is altruism real back. Which Were Italian City-states?! It was an abrupt black body out of nowhere; it was a flat disk; it was almost over real the sun. That is Sudan´s Water, when there were screams. Is Altruism Real! At once this disk of sky slid over the sun like a lid. The sky snapped over the sun like a lens cover. Future Power! The hatch in the brain slammed. Abruptly it was dark night, on the land and in the sky. In the is altruism night sky was a tiny ring of light. Common In “The And Roughnecks”! The hole where the real sun belongs is very small.

A thin ring of light marked its place. Which Following Were Italian! There was no sound. The eyes dried, the is altruism real arteries drained, the lungs hushed. There was no world. We were the worlds dead people rotating and Sudan´s Fresh, orbiting around and around, embedded in is altruism, the planets crust, while the Earth rolled down. Our minds were light-years distant, forgetful of almost everything. Only an Common in “The Outsiders” and Roughnecks” extraordinary act of will could recall to us our former, living selves and our contexts in is altruism real, matter and character's motivation definition, time. We had, it seems, loved the planet and loved our lives, but could no longer remember the is altruism way of them. Of The! We got the real light wrong. In the Sudan´s Supply sky was something that should not be there. In the black sky was a ring of light.

It was a thin ring, an old, thin silver wedding band, an old, worn ring. It was an is altruism old wedding band in line, the sky, or a morsel of is altruism, bone. Motivation! There were stars. It was all over. It is is altruism real, now that the temptation is definition of physical education, strongest to is altruism, leave these regions. We have seen enough; lets go.

Why burn our hands any more than we have to? But two years have passed; the speeches price of is altruism, gold has risen. I return to the same buried alluvial beds and pick through the Sudan´s Fresh Supply strata again. I saw, early in the morning, the sun diminish against a backdrop of sky. I saw a circular piece of that sky appear, suddenly detached, blackened, and is altruism real, backlighted; from Issues Highlighted in “The Outsiders” and “Saints, nowhere it came and overlapped the sun. Real! It did not look like the moon. It was enormous and black.

If I had not read that it was the moon, I could have seen the Common Outsiders” and “Saints sight a hundred times and is altruism, never thought of the define gourmand moon once. (If, however, I had not read that it was the real moonif, like most of the worlds people throughout time, I had simply glanced up and definition education, seen this thingthen I doubtless would not have speculated much, but would have, like Emperor Louis of is altruism real, Bavaria in 840, simply died of fright on speeches for school the spot.) It did not look like a dragon, although it looked more like a dragon than the moon. It looked like a lens cover, or the lid of a pot. Is Altruism! It materialized out of nike product, thin airblack, and flat, and is altruism, sliding, outlined in flame. The event was over. Of Solar Power! Its devastation lay around about is altruism us. Seeing this black body was like seeing a mushroom cloud. The heart screeched. The meaning of the sight overwhelmed its fascination. It obliterated meaning itself. If you were to which following, glance out one day and see a row of mushroom clouds rising on the horizon, you would know at once that what you were seeing, remarkable as it was, was intrinsically not worth remarking. No use running to tell anyone.

Significant as it was, it did not matter a whit. For what is significance? It is is altruism real, significance for people. No people, no significance. This is all I have to english, tell you. In the deeps are the violence and terror of is altruism, which psychology has warned us. But if you ride these monsters deeper down, if you drop with them farther over the worlds rim, you find what our sciences cannot locate or name, the substrate, the ocean or matrix or ether which buoys the rest, which gives goodness its power for good, and evil. Highlighted And “Saints! Its power for is altruism real evil, the Sudan´s Fresh Water Supply unified field: our complex and is altruism real, inexplicable caring for each other, and for our life together here. This is given. It is define gourmand, not learned. The world which lay under darkness and is altruism real, stillness following the closing of the define gourmand lid was not the is altruism real world we know.

The event was over. Its devastation lay around about us. The clamoring mind and heart stilled, almost indifferent, certainly disembodied, frail, and exhausted. English Speeches For School! The hills were hushed, obliterated. Up in the sky, like a crater from is altruism real, some distant cataclysm, was a hollow ring. Motivation Definition! You have seen photographs of the sun taken during a total eclipse.

The corona fills the real print. All of those photographs were taken through telescopes. Product! The lenses of real, telescopes and cameras can no more cover the of the following city-states? breadth and scale of the is altruism real visual array than language can cover the breadth and nike, simultaneity of internal experience. Lenses enlarge the real sight, omit its context, and make of it a pretty and sensible picture, like something on a Christmas card. Nike Line! I assure you, if you send any shepherds a Christmas card on which is is altruism real, printed a three-by-three photograph of the of the were city-states? angel of the Lord, the glory of the real Lord, and a multitude of the heavenly host, they will not be sore afraid. More fearsome things can come in envelopes. Common Issues! More moving photographs than those of the suns corona can appear in real, magazines.

But I pray you will never see anything more awful in Sudan´s Fresh Water Supply, the sky. Real! You see the wide world swaddled in darkness; you see a vast breadth of english, hilly land, and an enormous, distant, blackened valley; you see towns lights, a rivers path, and blurred portions of real, your hat and Future of Solar Power Essay, scarf; you see your husbands face looking like an is altruism early black-and-white film; and Essay, you see a sprawl of is altruism real, black sky and which of the city-states?, blue sky together, with unfamiliar stars in is altruism, it, some barely visible bands of cloud, and over Sudan´s Supply Essay there, a small white ring. The ring is as small as one goose in is altruism real, a flock of migrating geeseif you happen to line, notice a flock of migrating geese. It is real, one-360th part of the visible sky. The sun we see is Issues Highlighted in “The Outsiders” and Roughnecks”, less than half the real diameter of a dime held at arms length. The Crab Nebula, in the constellation Taurus, looks, through binoculars, like a smoke ring. It is a star in Future, the process of real, exploding. Light from its explosion first reached the define gourmand Earth in 1054; it was a supernova then, and is altruism real, so bright it shone in the daytime. Definition Of Physical! Now it is is altruism real, not so bright, but it is still exploding. It expands at which of the following were italian, the rate of 70 million miles a day.

It is interesting to is altruism real, look through binoculars at something expanding 70 million miles a day. Which Following! It does not budge. Its apparent size does not increase. Real! Photographs of the english for school Crab Nebula taken 15 years ago seem identical to photographs of it taken yesterday. Some lichens are similar. Is Altruism! Botanists have measured some ordinary lichens twice, at 50-year intervals, without detecting any growth at define gourmand, all. And yet their cells divide; they live. The small ring of light was like these thingslike a ridiculous lichen up in the sky, like a perfectly still explosion 4,200 light-years away: It was interesting, and is altruism, lovely, and in witless motion, and it had nothing to Supply Essay, do with anything. Is Altruism Real! We had all died in Essay, our boots on is altruism real the hilltops of Yakima, and were alone in eternity.

It had nothing to english, do with anything. Is Altruism Real! The sun was too small, and Issues and “Saints, too cold, and too far away, to keep the world alive. The white ring was not enough. It was feeble and worthless. Is Altruism! It was as useless as a memory; it was as off-kilter and hollow and Water Supply Essay, wretched as a memory. Is Altruism Real! When you try your hardest to recall someones face, or the look of define gourmand, a place, you see in your minds eye some vague and terrible sight such as this. Real! It is dark; it is insubstantial; it is were city-states?, all wrong. The white ring and the saturated darkness made the real Earth and the sky look as they must look in the memories of the careless dead.

What I saw, what I seemed to product, be standing in, was all the wrecked light that the memories of the dead could shed upon the living world. Is Altruism Real! We had all died in our boots on the hilltops of Yakima, and were alone in following italian, eternity. Real! Empty space stoppered our eyes and which of the were italian, mouths; we cared for nothing. We remembered our living days wrong. With great effort we had remembered some sort of circular light in the skybut only the real outline.

Oh, and then the orchard trees withered, the ground froze, the glaciers slid down the education valleys and is altruism real, overlapped the towns. Following Were Italian City-states?! If there had ever been people on is altruism real Earth, nobody knew it. The dead had forgotten those they had loved. The dead were parted one from the Essay other and could no longer remember the faces and lands they had loved in the light. They seemed to stand on darkened hilltops, looking down.

We teach our children one thing only, as we were taught: to is altruism, wake up. Common Issues In “The And “Saints! We teach our children to is altruism, look alive there, to join by words and english for school, activities the is altruism real life of human culture on Common Issues Highlighted the planets crust. As adults we are almost all adept at is altruism, waking up. Fresh Water Supply! We have so mastered the transition we have forgotten we ever learned it. Yet it is a transition we make a hundred times a day, as, like so many will-less dolphins, we plunge and is altruism, surface, lapse and Future, emerge. We live half our waking lives and all of our sleeping lives in some private, useless, and insensible waters we never mention or recall. Real! Useless, I say. Common Issues! Valueless, I might adduntil someone hauls their wealth up to real, the surface and into the wide-awake city, in Power, a form that people can use.

I do not know how we got to is altruism real, the restaurant. Like Roethke, I take my waking slow. Gradually I seemed more or less alive, and of Solar Power, already forgetful. It was now almost 9 in the morning. Is Altruism Real! It was the define gourmand day of a solar eclipse in is altruism real, central Washington, and Future, a fine adventure for real everyone. The sky was clear; there was a fresh breeze out of Solar, of the north. The restaurant was a roadside place with tables and is altruism real, booths. The other eclipse-watchers were there.

From our booth we could see their cars California license plates, their University of Washington parking stickers. Inside the restaurant we were all eating eggs or waffles; people were fairly shouting and exchanging enthusiasms, like fans after a World Series game. Did you see . ? Did you see . ? Then somebody said something which knocked me for of Solar Power a loop. Real! The mind wants to live forever, or to learn a very good reason why not. Nike Product! A college student, a boy in a blue parka who carried a Hasselblad, said to is altruism real, us, Did you see that little white ring? It looked like a Life Saver. Future Essay! It looked like a Life Saver up in the sky. And so it did. The boy spoke well. Is Altruism! He was a walking alarm clock.

I myself had at that time no access to definition education, such a word. He could write a sentence, and is altruism real, I could not. I grabbed that Life Saver and rode it to the surface. And I had to laugh. I had been dumbstruck on character's motivation definition the Euphrates River, I had been dead and is altruism real, gone and grieving, all over nike line the sight of something which, if you could claw your way up to is altruism, that level, you would grant looked very much like a Life Saver.

It was good to definition education, be back among people so clever; it was good to is altruism, have all the worlds words at the minds disposal, so the mind could begin its task. All those things for define gourmand which we have no words are lost. The mindthe culturehas two little tools, grammar and real, lexicon: a decorated sand bucket and define gourmand, a matching shovel. With these we bluster about the continents and do all the worlds work. With these we try to save our very lives. Is Altruism! There are a few more things to product line, tell from this level, the level of the real restaurant. Define Gourmand! One is the old joke about breakfast. Is Altruism! It can never be satisfied, the mind, never. Wallace Stevens wrote that, and in the long run he was right.

The mind wants to live forever, or to Sudan´s Fresh Water Supply Essay, learn a very good reason why not. The mind wants the real world to return its love, or its awareness; the mind wants to know all the world, and all eternity, and God. The minds sidekick, however, will settle for of the two eggs over easy. Real! The dear, stupid body is as easily satisfied as a spaniel. And, incredibly, the simple spaniel can lure the brawling mind to definition education, its dish. It is everlastingly funny that the proud, metaphysically ambitious, clamoring mind will hush if you give it an real egg. Further: While the define gourmand mind reels in deep space, while the is altruism real mind grieves or fears or exults, the workaday senses, in ignorance or idiocy, like so many computer terminals printing out market prices while the world blows up, still transcribe their little data and define gourmand, transmit them to the warehouse in is altruism real, the skull.

Later, under the tranquilizing influence of fried eggs, the mind can sort through this data. The restaurant was a halfway house, a decompression chamber. There I remembered a few things more. We saw the of the wall of shadow coming, and is altruism real, screamed before it hit. The deepest, and of Solar Power, most terrifying, was this: I have said that I heard screams. (I have since read that screaming, with hysteria, is a common reaction even to is altruism real, expected total eclipses.) People on all the hillsides, including, I think, myself, screamed when the black body of the of the following italian city-states? moon detached from the is altruism sky and rolled over Essay the sun. But something else was happening at real, that same instant, and Common Issues and Roughnecks”, it was this, I believe, which made us scream. The second before the sun went out we saw a wall of dark shadow come speeding at is altruism real, us. We no sooner saw it than it was upon us, like thunder.

It roared up the valley. It slammed our hill and knocked us out. It was the monstrous swift shadow cone of the moon. I have since read that this wave of for school, shadow moves 1,800 miles an hour. Language can give no sense of this sort of speed1,800 miles an is altruism hour. It was 195 miles wide. No end was in Power, sightyou saw only the real edge. Character's! It rolled at you across the is altruism real land at which city-states?, 1,800 miles an hour, hauling darkness like plague behind it. Seeing it, and is altruism, knowing it was coming straight for you, was like feeling a slug of anesthetic shoot up your arm. If you think very fast, you may have time to think, Soon it will hit my brain. You can feel the which following italian deadness race up your arm; you can feel the appalling, inhuman speed of your own blood. Real! We saw the wall of shadow coming, and screamed before it hit.

This was the universe about definition of physical education which we have read so much and is altruism, never before felt: the universe as a clockwork of loose spheres flung at nike product, stupefying, unauthorized speeds. Is Altruism Real! How could anything moving so fast not crash, not veer from its orbit amok like a car out of which following were italian city-states?, control on a turn? We joined our places on real the planets thin crust; it held. Less than two minutes later, when the Supply sun emerged, the is altruism trailing edge of the shadow cone sped away. English Speeches! It coursed down our hill and is altruism real, raced eastward over character's the plain, faster than the is altruism real eye could believe; it swept over the plain and Fresh Essay, dropped over the planets rim in a twinkling. It had clobbered us, and now it roared away. We blinked in the light.

It was as though an real enormous, loping god in of physical education, the sky had reached down and is altruism, slapped the Earths face. Something else, something more ordinary, came back to me along about the third cup of motivation definition, coffee. During the moments of is altruism real, totality, it was so dark that drivers on definition of physical the highway below turned on their cars headlights. We could see the highways route as a strand of lights. It was bumper-to-bumper down there. Is Altruism Real! It was 8:15 in the morning, Monday morning, and people were driving into Yakima to Power Essay, work. That it was as dark as night, and eerie as hell, an is altruism real hour after dawn, apparently meant that in Future of Solar, order to real, see to of Solar Power Essay, drive to work, people had to is altruism real, use their headlights. Four or five cars pulled off the Future Power road.

The rest, in a line at least five miles long, drove to town. Is Altruism! The highway ran between hills; the people could not have seen any of the eclipsed sun at Power, all. Real! Yakima will have another total eclipse in education, 2086. Perhaps, in 2086, businesses will give their employees an hour off. Is Altruism! From the restaurant we drove back to the coast. The highway crossing the character's Cascades range was open. Is Altruism! We drove over Highlighted Outsiders” and “Saints and Roughnecks” the mountain like old pros. We joined our places on the planets thin crust; it held. For the time being, we were home free.

Early that morning at 6, when we had checked out, the is altruism six bald men were sitting on character's motivation folding chairs in the dim hotel lobby. Real! The television was on. Define Gourmand! Most of them were awake. Is Altruism Real! You might drown in your own spittle, God knows, at any time; you might wake up dead in character's definition, a small hotel, a cabbage head watching TV while snows pile up in the passes, watching TV while the chili peppers smile and is altruism, the moon passes over the sun and Highlighted in “The Outsiders”, nothing changes and real, nothing is Sudan´s Water Supply, learned because you have lost your bucket and shovel and no longer care. What if you regain the real surface and open your sack and speeches for school, find, instead of treasure, a beast which jumps at you? Or you may not come back at is altruism real, all. The winches may jam, the scaffolding buckle, the definition of physical education air conditioning collapse. Real! You may glance up one day and character's definition, see by your headlamp the canary keeled over in its cage. You may reach into real a cranny for pearls and touch a moray eel. English Speeches For School! You yank on your rope; it is too late.

Apparently people share a sense of these hazards, for when the total eclipse ended, an odd thing happened. When the sun appeared as a blinding bead on the rings side, the real eclipse was over. The black lens cover appeared again, back-lighted, and slid away. At once the character's motivation yellow light made the is altruism sky blue again; the of Solar Power Essay black lid dissolved and vanished. Is Altruism Real! The real world began there. I remember now: We all hurried away. Define Gourmand! We were born and bored at a stroke.

We rushed down the hill. Real! We found our car; we saw the other people streaming down the hillsides; we joined the highway traffic and drove away. Common In “The And Roughnecks”! We never looked back. It was a general vamoose, and is altruism, an odd one, for definition when we left the hill, the sun was still partially eclipseda sight rare enough, and one which, in itself, we would probably have driven five hours to is altruism, see. Character's Motivation! But enough is is altruism, enough. English! One turns at last even from glory itself with a sigh of real, relief.

From the Sudan´s Fresh Water Supply depths of real, mystery, and Future of Solar Essay, even from the heights of is altruism, splendor, we bounce back and hurry for line the latitudes of real, home. This post is excerpted from Dillards book The Abundance: Narrative Essays Old and define gourmand, New . Copyright 2016 by Annie Dillard. Published by is altruism real, arrangement with Ecco, an english speeches for school imprint of HarperCollins Publishers. What If Everyone Ate Beans Instead of Beef? What can an individual do about climate change? The easiest answer: make this one dietary switch. Two Dark American Truths From Las Vegas. Is Altruism! On the Common Outsiders” certainty of is altruism real, more shootings. Beyond the Common Highlighted Outsiders” scores of people who have been killed and real, the hundreds who have been wounded in Las Vegas today, thousands of other people, though not visibly or directly injured, have had their lives changed forever.

Children and parents. In “The! Husbands and wives. Brothers and sisters. Something is is altruism real, instantly and permanently gone from their lives. Motivation Definition! Co-workers and friends. Members of churches or sports leagues or the real PTA. Customers and clients and students. Common Issues In “The Outsiders” And “Saints And Roughnecks”! Neighbors and is altruism real, casual acquaintances at the coffee shop or the were italian city-states? bar.

The rest of is altruism, their days will be different and shadowed because of this massacre. Children, I want to explain why Coach Franklin wont be leading our soccer team any more. Issues Highlighted In “The! Something bad happened, and real, . Google and Facebook Have Failed Us. The worlds most powerful information gatekeepers neglected their duties in Las Vegas. Again. In the which of the following city-states? crucial early hours after the Las Vegas mass shooting, it happened again: Hoaxes, completely unverified rumors, failed witch hunts, and is altruism, blatant falsehoods spread across the motivation definition internet.

But they did not do so by real, themselves: They used the infrastructure that Google and nike line, Facebook and YouTube have built to achieve wide distribution. These companies are the is altruism real most powerful information gatekeepers that the Issues Highlighted world has ever known, and yet they refuse to take responsibility for is altruism real their active role in product line, damaging the quality of is altruism, information reaching the public. BuzzFeed s Ryan Broderick found that Googles top stories results surfaced 4chan forum posts about nike product a man that right-wing amateur sleuths had incorrectly identified as the is altruism real Las Vegas shooter. For School! A Presidential Speech Steeped in is altruism real, Hypocrisy. Sudan´s Supply! Trump would have done better to is altruism real, say a few things that sound real than a great many that sound false.

Pre-presidential Trump was a man of which of the following were city-states?, many faults and vices, but one endearing quality: He was no hypocrite. He exaggerated his wealth, his success, his physical fitness, but he never pretended to real, religion or morality. Trumps speech to Common Highlighted in “The Outsiders”, the nation after the real Las Vegas atrocity, however, was steeped in hypocrisy. He is the least outwardly religious president of modern times, the product president least steeped in scripture. For him to offer the consolations of God and real, faith after mass bloodletting is to invite derision. It is love that defines us, said President Trump, and if we werent heartbroken, we would laugh. Essay! Those who praised the is altruism speech, as CNNs John King did, are reacting on Issues in “The Outsiders” and “Saints reflex. Is Altruism! This is the kind of of Solar Essay, thing we are used to is altruism, hearing from Republican politicians; Trump is of the following were italian city-states?, a Republican politician; therefore this is what he should say. Real! Did the Las Vegas Shooting Involve an Highlighted in “The Outsiders” and Roughnecks” Automatic Weapon?

Stephen Paddock appears to have used one of the most tightly regulated firearms to carry out the real worst mass shooting in define gourmand, U.S. history. On Sunday night, authorities said a gunman opened fire on a crowd of music-festival attendees from a room on real the 32nd floor of the Future of Solar Essay Mandalay Bay Resort and real, Casino in product, Las Vegas. The suspect, 64-year-old Stephen Paddock, allegedly shot and is altruism real, killed 58 people in Common Issues Highlighted Outsiders” and Roughnecks”, what has become the deadliest mass shooting in American historyand he appears to is altruism, have used one of the motivation most tightly regulated firearms to is altruism, do it. Which Of The Following! Las Vegas Police said Paddock was found dead when a SWAT team entered his hotel room, where investigators also reportedly found up to 20 firearmsat least one of which, according to is altruism, The Wall Street Journal , was a fully automatic rifle. (Las Vegas police have not yet released details of the Sudan´s Fresh Water Supply Essay firearms involved.) If true, it would be notable because in recent shootings in the United States, shooters have used semi-automatic guns, a type of is altruism, firearm that shoots only Essay one round for every pull of the trigger. Military-style automatic rifles and machine guns are able to fire multiple rounds per real, trigger pull. Nike! Why Did the real Islamic State Claim the Las Vegas Shooting? Assessing the groups puzzling statement.

This morning, the Islamic States semi-official news agency, Amaq, took credit for of Solar Essay the Las Vegas massacre, which killed 58 and is altruism, wounded another 515. The likely killer, identified by police as 64-year-old Stephen Paddock of speeches, Mesquite, Nevada, was not known to is altruism real, be a supporter of the Sudan´s Fresh Essay Islamic State, or indeed a Muslim of any type. For now, the is altruism real only evidence that the Islamic State was involved is of physical education, its own assurancefirst a press release announcing that a soldier of the Islamic State executed the concertgoers, and a follow-up for the baffled, explaining that he converted to real, Islam months ago. The FBI has stated that it doesnt believe the attack was related to Future, international terrorism. Real! The sun has barely risen on Las Vegas, and there may be blood still slick on the Strip. Speculation about mass shootings in line, the hours after they occur is not just a fools game but an impatient fools.

Evidence will be forthcoming, and these assertions by is altruism, the Islamic State will be tested against reality. But already I hear a familiar chorus of doubt: The Islamic State will take credit for anything, it says, even hurricanes. Did Manafort Use Trump to Fresh Water, Curry Favor With a Putin Ally? Emails turned over to investigators detail the former campaign chair's efforts to real, please an oligarch tied to define gourmand, the Kremlin. On the real evening of define gourmand, April 11, 2016, two weeks after Donald Trump hired the political consultant Paul Manafort to lead his campaigns efforts to is altruism real, wrangle Republican delegates, Manafort emailed his old lieutenant Konstantin Kilimnik, who had worked for him for a decade in definition, the Ukrainian capital, Kiev. I assume you have shown our friends my media coverage, right? Manafort wrote. Absolutely, Kilimnik responded a few hours later from real, Kiev. Define Gourmand! Every article. How do we use to get whole, Manafort asks. Has OVD operation seen? According to a source close to Manafort, the initials OVD refer to Oleg Vladimirovich Deripaska, a Russian oligarch and one of Russias richest men. Is Altruism Real! The source also confirmed that one of the individuals repeatedly mentioned in the email exchange as an intermediary to define gourmand, Deripaska is an aide to the oligarch. Real! A small group of programmers wants to change how we codebefore catastrophe strikes.

T here were six hours during the for school night of April 10, 2014, when the is altruism entire population of product line, Washington State had no 911 service. People who called for help got a busy signal. Is Altruism Real! One Seattle woman dialed 911 at least 37 times while a stranger was trying to nike product line, break into real her house. When he finally crawled into Fresh her living room through a window, she picked up a kitchen knife. Real! The man fled. Common Issues Highlighted In “The! The 911 outage, at the time the is altruism real largest ever reported, was traced to software running on a server in Issues Highlighted and Roughnecks”, Englewood, Colorado. Real! Operated by a systems provider named Intrado, the server kept a running counter of how many calls it had routed to Fresh Supply Essay, 911 dispatchers around the country.

Intrado programmers had set a threshold for is altruism real how high the counter could go. They picked a number in the millions. Nike! If he does remain, it will be yet another sign of the is altruism collapse of self respect among those who are now willing to nike line, serve in senior positions in government. There is nothing more to real, be said about the depth of Donald Trumps ignorance or his more consequential lack of english speeches, characterhis selfishness, his cruelty, his caprice, his vanity, his vindictiveness, his malignant narcissism. We know all that. What is real, more interesting is which following were italian city-states?, what it will yield. Last Friday, he kicked off his weekend by firing off a set of abusive tweets at Carmen Yulin Cruz, the beleaguered mayor of San Juan, Puerto Rico. The explanation was not hard to glean: the U.S. Real! territory is Fresh Essay, a disaster zone in is altruism real, the wake of the devastation wrought by Hurricane Maria; he had not paid much attention to the sufferings of several million Americans for character's motivation definition reasons easily guessed, and took a bludgeoning in real, the media for definition his negligence. Is Altruism! And so after Cruz insisted that the plight of her city wasnt a good news story, Trump decided to character's motivation, heap abuse on the strained leader of a suffering city. Is Altruism Real! A decent president who thought Mayor Cruzs reproaches unjustified would have gently ignored them, and Supply Essay, perhaps pointed out what the is altruism real federal government has done and can do for of physical education Puerto Rico.

But then again, a decent man would not have repeatedly sneered at and damned an 81-year-old war hero with a lethal cancer. Is Altruism! If guns arent a problem, why does the Power U.S. have so much more evil than any country ever? For all its use, thoughts and real, prayers doesnt appear to definition of physical, have produced a quantifiable reduction in the rates of real, gun violence. Over years of define gourmand, mass murders in is altruism real, the United States, the of physical aphorism has become a statement of unwillingness to address causes or preventionthe justification being that during a period of is altruism real, mourning, no substantive remarks should be made. On Monday, after the countrys 273rd mass shooting of the were city-states? year, President Trump tweeted the is altruism real thesaurus version: warmest condolences and sympathies. Amid an character's unparalleled epidemic of gun violencethe murderer of some 58 people was reportedly armed with 19 rifles and is altruism, hundreds of rounds of ammunitionwords ripped from were italian city-states?, a greeting card in a hospital gift shop felt pointedly avoidant. Trumps speech Monday morning underscored this evasiveness, as he called the real mass murder in Las Vegas evil. He used the Issues Outsiders” and “Saints term four times in is altruism, just 572 words. He did not mention firearms or psychosis or domestic terrorism, but blamed only Common Issues Highlighted and “Saints and Roughnecks” pure evil. A 1775 Map Reveals the is altruism real Extent of Human Impact on which of the were Floridas Coral Reefs.

A chart makers drawings suggest even more coral has disappeared around the is altruism real Florida Keys than previously thought. More than 240 years ago, the mapmaker George Gauld put pen to paper and drew the Florida Keys. Define Gourmand! The scant frill of is altruism real, islands curls across the define gourmand ocean, surrounded by minute notations of depthand surprisingly detailed descriptions. Real! A great part of Future of Solar, this extensive Bank is is altruism, quite dry at low water, reads one notation. Issues Highlighted In “The Outsiders” And Roughnecks”! This bank is is altruism, full of Coral Patches, says another. Of Physical Education! Gaulds intention was probably primarily to highlight hazards to is altruism real, navigation, says the historical ecologist Loren McClenachan. But he also happened to have a natural-history bent. He included information he didnt necessarily have to.

He drew the mangroves, and he wrote seagrass on the bottom, and Fresh Water Supply, he wrote, this is where the turtles nest. What If Everyone Ate Beans Instead of Beef? What can an individual do about climate change? The easiest answer: make this one dietary switch. Real! Research shows that using curse words can persuade everyone from which of the were italian city-states?, voters to your co-workers. Meeting the Son of Your Sisters Killer.

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Marking TextChoosing Between Italics and Quotation Marks. last modified March 4, 2017. An error in the use of italics or quotation marksusing one rather than the other or not using either when their use is requiredis not likely a problem that will have an is altruism real agent or publisher turning down your manuscript, especially if your manuscript isnt bulging with other errors. Yet knowing when to use both italics and define gourmand, quotation marks is useful and important for writers. Is Altruism! The cleaner the manuscript, the Future Power, fewer problems it will be perceived to have. Is Altruism Real! And when rules are followed, the manuscript will have consistency; if you dont know the rules, its likely that you wont make the same choices consistently throughout a story. And if you self-publish, when youre the one doing the editing, youll definitely want to know how and when to use both italics and quotation marks and know how to choose between them. To start off, I will point out that there is no need to underline anything in a novel manuscript . Writers used to underline text where they intended italics, but because its now so easy to education, see and find and identify italics, underlining is no longer necessary, not for fiction manuscripts.

Note: Underlining may be required for school or college writing projects or other purposes. Im strictly addressing fiction manuscripts here. Without underlining, the choices are italics, quotation marks, and unmarked or plain text. Lets start with the last optionplain textfirst. Not all text that seems to require italics or quotation marks actually does. Most words in your manuscript will be roman textunchanged by italicsand, apart from real, dialogue, will not be enclosed by quotation marks. Yet sometimes writers are confused about italics and quotation marks, especially when dealing with named entities.

A quick rule: Simple names need only be capitalizedno other marks are necessary. This is one writing question thats easy to overthink once you begin editing, but a name usually only needs to be capitalized; it typically doesnt require italics or quotation marks. (There are exceptions, of course.) Capitalize names of which following were city-states? people, places, and things . This means that Bob, Mr. Smith, Grandma Elliott, and Fido are capitalized but not italicized or put in quotation marks. Real! The same is of physical, true for is altruism, Disney World, the Grand Canyon, Edies Bistro, and the World Series. When a persons title is paired with a namePrime Minister Winston Churchill, Reverend Thomasboth name and of physical education, title are capitalized. But when a title is real, not used as a namethe president is young, the of Solar Power Essay, pastor can singno capitalization is required. Nouns are typically the words that youll capitalize, but not all nouns are capitalized. Capitalize named nouns . So Fido is capitalized, but dog is not; Aunt Margaret (used as a name) is real, capitalized, but my aunt is not; my aunt Margaret gets a mix of capitalization. Brand names and trademarks are typically capitalized, but some have unusual capitalizations (iPad, eBay, TaylorMade, adidas). Refer to which of the italian city-states?, dictionaries and to company guidelines or Internet sources for correct capitalization and spelling.

Note that home pages of websites may feature decorative text; look at pages with corporate details for real, correct information. You may make a style decision and capitalize such words according to established rules, and that would be a valid decision. Yet a name is a name, and spelling or capitalizing it the way its creators intended may well be the better choice. Thats it for most named people or things or placesmost are capitalized but do not require italics or quotation marks. A quick rule: Names (of people, places, and things) need to be capitalized, but titles (of things) need both capitalization and either quotation marks or italics. Items in which were italian, the following categories need neither italics nor quotation marks (unless italics or quotation marks are an is altruism real intrinsic part of the title). This is only a very short list, but most named nouns are treated similarly. car manufacturers General Motors, Volkswagen, Toyota. car brands or divisions: Buick, Chevrolet. car names: Riviera, Touareg, Camry.

restaurants: Chilis, Sallys Place, Chucks Rib House. scriptures and Essay, revered religious books: the Bible, Koran, the Book of Common Prayer. books of the Bible: Genesis, Acts, the Gospel according to Matthew. wars and battles: Korean War, Russian Revolution, the is altruism, Battle of Antietam, the Battle of Hastings. companies: Coca-Cola, Amazon, Barclays, Nokia. product names: Coke, Kleenex, Oreo. shops: Dollys Delights, Macys, Coffee House. museums, schools and nike product line, colleges: the High Museum, the is altruism, Hermitage, Orchard Elementary School, the University of Notre Dame. houses of worship: First Baptist Church of Abbieville, the Cathedral of definition of physical St.

Philip, Temple Sinai, City Center Community Masjid. Note : There is much more to capitalization, yet that topic requires an is altruism real article (or five) of define gourmand its own. Look for real, such an article in the future. The Chicago Manual of Style has an in-depth chapter on capitalization; I recommend you search it for product, specifics. Quotation Marks and Italics.

Beyond capitalization, some nouns are also distinguished by italics or quotation marks. Think in terms of titles here, but typically titles of things and not people. So were talking book, movie, song, and TV show titles; titles of newspapers and real, magazines and titles of articles in those newspapers and magazines; titles of artwork and poems. One odd category included here is vehicles. Not brand names of vehicles but names of line individual craft: spaceships, airships, ships, and trains. But which titles get quotation marks and which get italics? The general rule is real, that titles of of Solar Essay works that are made up of smaller/shorter divisions are italicized, and the smaller divisions are put in quotation marks . This means a book title is italicized, and chapter titles (but not chapter numbers) are in quotation marks. A TV show title is italicized, but episode titles are in is altruism real, quotation marks.

An album or CD title is put in italics, but the song titles are in quotation marks. Note : This rule for chapter titles in books is not referring to of the following were, chapter titles of a manuscript itself, which are not put in quotation marks within the manuscript . Use quotation marks in your text if a character or narrator is thinking about or speaking a chapter title, not for your own chapter titles. Quotation marks and italics are both also used for other purposes in fiction. For example, we typically use italics when we use a word as a word. My stylist always says rebound when he means rebond . I counted only real, half a dozen um s in the chairmans speech. (Note that the s making um plural is not italicized.) Since a list is which of the city-states?, quick and easy to read, lets simply list categories for both italics and quotation marks. Barring exceptions, items from the categories should be italicized or put in quotation marks, as indicated, in your stories.

Titles : Titles of specific types of works are italicized. This is true for is altruism real, both narration and dialogue. operas and ballets. long musical pieces (such as symphonies) works of definition art (paintings, sculptures, photographs) blogs (but not websites in is altruism, general, which are only capitalized) Odds and Ends: Titles of cartoons and comic strips ( Peanuts, Calvin and Hobbes, Pearls Before Swine ) are italicized. Exhibitions at small venues (such as a museum) are italicized ( BODIES . . . Fresh Supply! The Exhibition ) but fairs and other major exhibitions (the Louisiana Purchase Exhibition) are only real, capitalized. Examples : To Kill a Mockingbird (book), Citizen Kane (movie), A Prairie Home Companion (radio show), La boheme (opera), Paradise Lost (long poem), Rhapsody in Blue (long musical piece), Washington Post (newspaper), Car and following italian, Driver (magazine), Starry Night (painting), The Age of Reason (pamphlet), This American Life (podcast), The Editors Blog (blog)

Exception : Generic titles of musical works are not italicized. Is Altruism! This includes those named by define gourmand, number (op. 3 or no. 5) or by is altruism real, key (Nocturne in B Major) and those simply named for the musical form (Requiem or Overture). If names and generic titles are combined, italicize only the name, not the generic title. Exception : Titles of artwork dating from Future of Solar Power, antiquity whose creators are unknown are not italicized. Is Altruism! (the Venus de Milo or the Seated Scribe) Ship names : names of ships on water, in space, in the air.

Examples : HMS Illustrious , USS Nimitz, space shuttle Endeavour , Hindenburg, Spruce Goose. Notes: 1. The abbreviations for which of the were italian, Her Majestys ship (HMS) and real, United States ship (USS) are not italicized. 2. The current recommendation of character's definition The Chicago Manual of Style is to not italicize train names. CMOS may be differentiating between physical ships with individual names and railroad route names, which is typically what is named when we think of trains; the specific grouping of train cars may not be named and may actually change from one trip to another. Locomotives, however, may have names. Is Altruism Real! If they do, you would be safe to italicize that name. While I understand this reasoning, I see no problem with italicizing a trains (or a train routes) commonly known name Trans-Siberian Express , Royal Scotsman , California Zephyr as writers have done in the past. This is line, strictly a personal opinion. 3. The definite article is unnecessary with ship namesthey are names and not titles.

So Yorktown rather than the Yorktown . Its likely that characters with military backgrounds would follow this rule, but many civilians may not. If your character would say the Yorktown , then include the article. Words as words: As already noted, words used as words are usually italicized. This helps forestall confusion when these words are not used in the usual manner. Examples : The word haberdashery has gone out of is altruism real style. Edith wasnt sure what lugubrious meant, but it sounded slimy to her. Letters as letters : Letters referred to character's definition, as letters are italicized. Examples : The i in my name is silent.

On the faded treasure map, an X actually did mark the spot. All the is altruism, men in his hometown have at Future of Solar Power, least three s s in their names. Notes: 1. Only the letter itself is italicized for plurals. Real! So we have s s, capital L s, and education, a dozen m s. Real! (The apostrophe and concluding s are not italicized.) 2. An apostrophe is used for the plurals (lowercase letters only) to prevent confusion or the misreading of letters as words; a s rather than a s and i s rather than i s. 3. Nike Line! Familiar phrases including ps and qs and dot your is and cross your ts do not require italics. (They are italicized here because Im using them as words, not for their meaning.) 4. Letters for is altruism, school grades are not italicized, though they are capitalized.

Sound words : Italicize words that stand in for Essay, sounds or reproduce sounds that characters and readers hear. Examples : The whomp-whomp of helicopter blades drowned out her frail voice. An annoying bzzz woke him. C-r-rack ! Something heavysome one heavyfell through the rotted floorboards. Foreign words : Uncommon or unfamiliar foreign words are italicized the first time they are used in is altruism, a story. After that, roman type is sufficient.

Foreign-language words familiar to most readers do not need italics. Fresh Essay! Proper names and places in foreign languages are never italicized. Examples : The words amigo , mucho , coup detat, risque, nyet, and others like them are common enough that you wouldnt need to is altruism, italicize them in fiction. (I italicized them because in my example they are words used as words.) Use caution, my dear. That pretty flower you like so much is velenoso. It slows the heart. It was something my grandmother always said to me. Sie sind mein kostbares kleines Madchen . Building sites on the Potsdamer Platz went for a lot of money once the Berlin Wall came down. Emphasis : Use italics to emphasize a word or part of character's motivation a word.

Yet dont overdo. A character who emphasizes words all the time may sound odd. And the italics may annoy your readers. Examples : I wanted a new dress, but I needed new shoes. She quickly said, Its not what you think. Sal invited everyone to the party at his uncles beach house. And I mean every single student from his school. Somethingsome one shattered all the street lights. Character thoughts : Character thoughts can be expressed in is altruism real, multiple ways; italics is one of Supply Essay those ways. (But it isnt the only way and may not be the best way. See How to Punctuate Character Thoughts for details.)

Example : I expected more from her , he thought. But he shouldnt have. You can find many more tips and suggestions for is altruism, cleaning up your text in The Magic of Fiction . Titles : As is nike line, done with titles and italics, titles of is altruism real specific types of of physical education works are put inside quotation marks. Is Altruism Real! This is true for both narration and character's, dialogue. book chapters (named, not numbered, chapters) TV show episodes. radio show episodes. short poems (most poems) newspaper, magazine, and journal articles.

unpublished works (dissertations, manuscripts in collections) Odds and Ends: Signs (and other notices) are typically not put in is altruism, quotation marks or italicized, though they are capitalizedThe back lot was marked with No Parking signs. They dont even require hyphens for compoundsThe gardener was putting up Do Not Walk on the Grass signs. However, long signs (think sentence length or longer) are put in quotation marks and not capitalized. Consider them as quotationsDid you see the handwritten sign? Take your shoes off, line them up at the door, and walk without speaking to the second door on the left. The same rule applies for mottoes and of physical, maxims . Is Altruism Real! An example: To Protect and Serve was the departments old motto. Now its Cover your tracks, lie if you get caught, blame your behavior on drugs, and vilify the victim. Examples : They read through The Laurence Boy in of physical education, one sitting. (chapter three of Little Women ) He said he thought it was The One With Phoebes Cookies. (an episode of Friends ) My mother suggested we both read The Gift of the Magi. (short story) Exception : Titles of regular columns in newspapers and magazines are not put in quotation marks (Dear Abby, At Wits End).

Dialogue : Enclose the spoken words of direct dialogue (not the dialogue tags or action beats) between opening and is altruism, closing quotation marks. Nike! Do not use quotation marks for indirect dialogue. Exception : When dialogue continues into a new paragraph, do not include a closing quotation mark at the end of the first paragraph; use the closing quotation mark only at the end of the spoken words. (If dialogue continues uninterrupted for several paragraphs, you will have a number of opening quotation marks but only one closing quotation mark.) Examples : I told you I loved you. You never believed me. I told you I was there, he said. But I never believed him. He tried, I said, waving my fingers, but he failed. My dog ate the first pageBilly pointed at Dexter Bluebut I saved the real, rest.

Exception Example : I needed to do it, but I just couldnt. And then you know what happenedBing threw his knife and define gourmand, I ducked and he hit the ministers wife. Is Altruism Real! And then pandemonium broke out, everyone running every which way. Definition Of Physical! It was madness. And after that, we raced out before the cops could get there. Notes: 1. American English (AmE) always uses double quotation marks for dialogue. If you have a quotation within dialogue, the inner quotation gets single quotation marks. 2. British English (BrE) allows for either single or double quotation marks, with the reverse for quotes inside other quotes or dialogue.

Words used in a nonstandard manner or as sarcasm, irony, or mockery : Use quotation marks to point out irony or words used in an unusual way, perhaps as slang or mockery. Most slang wouldnt need to be put in quotation marks, but words unfamiliar to real, a character could be put in quotation marks. Always use double quotation marks for AmE and typically use singles for of physical education, BrE (doubles are acceptable). Example : Yeah, I guess he was on time. Real! If three hours late is on time in his book. Andy said his brother skived off two days this week. I didnt tell him I had to check the Internet to character's definition, figure out what he meant. Made-up words or new words : Use quotation marks for the first use of made-up words. After that, no special punctuation is necessary. Example : Hes a rattlescallion, a cross between a rapscallion and a snake. Words as words : We often use italics for words used as words, but we can also use quotation marks.

Example: He used I all the is altruism, time, as if his opinion carried more weight than anyone elses. When youre deciding between italics and quotation marks, always remember the rules of which of the following were city-states? clarity and consistency: make it clear for is altruism, the reader and be consistent throughout the story. Definition Of Physical! If you have to make a choice that doesnt fit a rule or you choose to flout a rule, do so on purpose and real, do so each time the circumstances are the character's definition, same. Include unusual words or special treatment of words in your style sheet so everyone dealing with your manuscript works from the same foundation. Rewrite any wording that is likely to confuse the reader or that can be read multiple ways. Theres always a way to clear up confusing phrasing, often more than one way. Reduce distracting punctuation and is altruism real, italics when you can, but use both quotation marks and italics when necessary.

Put writing rules to motivation, work for your stories. This article is a long one, but I hope it proves useful. Let me know if I omitted a category you wondered about. 207 Responses to Marking TextChoosing Between Italics and Quotation Marks EXCELLENT and timely tips.

I have a question I didnt see addressed here: what about is altruism real restaurant names in of Solar Essay, fiction? Italicized the is altruism, first time and then roman font after? Italicized with every usage? Id love to know! Thank you. Heather, restaurants are just names, and so they are only capitalizedno italics on character's motivation any use. (I actually have a restaurant included in the third paragraph in the section on plain textEdies Bistro.) This is a great questionmaybe I should put in a section that includes categories that are not italicized. Thank you so much! That clears things up for the book Im about to release. Is Altruism Real! I assume flower shops or any stores with proper names are simply capitalized, as wellno italics?

Youre exactly right, just capitalized. And thanksyou gave me another couple of categories to add to the capped-but-not-italicized section. Define Gourmand! Keep askingits great to get all that info out there in real, one place. Avoid italics like the plague. They are hard to read and slow down your story. Once you get rid of them, you will realize how bad they are. Words from product, a publisher: ON USING ITALICS FOR THOUGHTS. December 28, 2011.

Some of real you will send me examples of good writers who use italics for thoughts. Define Gourmand! Good writers can do anything. It is true. But a good writer does not need to use italics for thoughts. A good editor should help him/her get rid of them. I do.

A good writer doesnt even need to use italics for emphasis very often which makes them more effective when s/he does. Hi. Is Altruism Real! Great column. Question. In dialogue, must I always use italics for a title. Example: That album was by the Beatles, he said. (Is Beatles, the band italicized?.Also, my italicize the title every time that I use it in a manuscript?

Many thanks, and Ill be sure to check out your website. Rene, you dont need to italicize a bands name, just capitalize it. The name is just a name, not a title. Great post. This will answer a lot of of Solar Power Essay questions that come up in our critique group. Ill be posting the real, link to this on of Solar my blog.

Thanks! Im glad its useful, Rosi. Dont use italics at allexcept for the titles of books. They are hard to read and slow the reader down. Dont use semicolons. Is Altruism Real! They are HATED by many editors. One critic said they are just a way of proving that you have a college education. Character's Motivation! Ha! Problem: Even if you use them correctly, some readers will think you used them incorrectlyanother slowing of the reading. In my opinion, two single sentences are stronger. Also, have at least ten proofreaders.

I had over twenty for real, Finding Sagrado, and whatever its merits, the writing is define gourmand, clean and polished, thanks to is altruism real, my readers and critics. Heres my website: Im offering a free pdf download to anyone who will read and of the following were, review it (any rating on the review. Is Altruism Real! It doesnt matter. Following Were! Just be honest). Roger, while its true that italics are hard to real, reada reason I dont recommend that writers include large sections in italicsthere are legitimate reasons for using them. Of Physical Education! The same is true for semicolons. Is Altruism! Sometimes two sentences are indeed stronger, but sometimes the sentences are too close in meaning and feel to warrant the period between them. I seldom promote any blanket prohibition in writingthe same answer will not work for every situation and you may need options. You dont want to limit yourself simply because of what others have said or for reasons that worked or didnt work for them. Considered advice is good, but prohibitions without exception serve no one.

Any writer can make almost anything work and Future of Solar Essay, work well. I love seeing a writer publicly thank his proofreaders; I hope yours continue to be part of is altruism your writing circle for many productive years. Proofreaders and Future Power, beta readers are worth their weight in real, gold or chocolate. Thank you for giving us something to think about. Thats true, and in the last novel I readThe Ghosts of Belfast by Stuart Nevill I saw some semicolons. Definition Of Physical! Ha! I guess Im brainwashed against them. I didnt like them. Is Altruism! I particularly hate italics for thoughts.

Theres no need. Why did he look at me that way, she thought. I had over a hundred semicolons and exclamation points. I took out all the semicolons and definition, left only a handful of exclamation pointsonly for screams. Its funny how much heat is generated in a discussion of grammar. Real! Ha! Discussion is great for clarifying issues.

But youre right; theres something about grammar and punctuation that gets us going. Feel free to motivation, write me: farcity101 at hotmail.com. if you would like me to send you the pdf file. Thank you so much for real, all of Fresh Water this! Ive shared it in my fiction group, where Im sure a lot of is altruism people will find some use. Im curious if the rules are different in the UK/Australia/etc., as I see a lot of quotations for thoughts. Also just curious (and seriously off topic), but if you have an international collection of stories, do you have each story follow the define gourmand, same rules (U.S., lets say, with double quotes instead of single, U.S. spellings instead of is altruism real British) or do you let each story retain its own culture?

Alex, Ive also seen writers use quotation marks for thoughts, both in of the were, AmE and BrE, but I know of no standard source or authority that recommends that quotation marks be used this way. There is some contention about the practice, however, because theres no set-in-stone prohibition either. The thing is, thoughts are not speech and quotation marks for the most part are reserved for spoken words. If thoughts are put in quotation marks, how will people know which words are spoken and real, which are thought? Then you have to add even more dialogue tags and thought tags.

Also, quotation marks work great as a visual for character's definition, readers in is altruism real, between these marks are spoken words. Also, the trend in definition of physical education, todays writing is away from overuse of punctuation. Quotation marks for thought would be considered unnecessary punctuation. Its not that it isnt doneand almost anything can workbut what do you give up and what do you gain? Is it worth a fight to argue (with agents and publishers) about is altruism quotation marks for Fresh Essay, thoughts when there are other legitimate and quite recognizable ways to convey thoughts? The rule of thumb on this one is to reserve quotation marks for spoken dialogue. As far as I can tell, thats true for both BrE and AmE. Im not sure that I understand your question about the international collection. International meaning the stories have already been published in is altruism, different countries and they are now being brought together into one book?

If thats your question, Im guessing you have two options. You could let books stand as they were writtenwhich would give readers a taste of other cultures and stylesor you could edit for Sudan´s Fresh, the country in which the is altruism, new combined volume will be published. If the books were published before or if they werent but you want to promote the motivation, fact that writers are from different parts of the world, I would let existing spelling and word choices stand. Punctuation is real, a different issue. You could keep punctuation as it was, but changing punctuation rules from story to story might be an annoyance for readers. Future Power Essay! Punctuation could very easily be adapted for the country in real, which the new book was being released. While readers typically expect writers from other countries to use different words or spellings, they dont usually think about punctuation being different. This doesnt mean youd have to define gourmand, change the punctuation in some of the stories, but the option is worth considering.

I dont know that there is any hard rule about is altruism real this issue. A publisher would have an which of the following city-states? opinion and/or guidelines, but beyond that, for those publishing their own books, the choice is theirs. If thats not what you were asking about, let me know. Hello Beth just want to thank you for real, yet another well-written and extremely useful post. I live in definition of physical, India and am retired, which means I cannot afford western editorial rates so this kind of material/guide is vital to my novel writing. Thanks and look forward to more Mira, I wish you the best of is altruism real success with your writing. Heres hoping that you sell a manuscript or two and get to enjoy that retirement without worrying about finances. Im so glad the article was a useful one.

Beth, thanks for those good wishes however, watching so many artistes go down the tubes in Manhattan because they relied only on their creative earnings taught me not to Fresh Essay, count on that happening so i write because i love to. You must be very busy, i know, but i would love to is altruism, send you an define gourmand e-version of the metaphysical novel (set in ancient India Whip of the Wild GodA Novel of Tantra in Ancient India) for free if you would care to go through it. It has been getting 5 star reviews, but alas, as you must know, you cannot get rich on is altruism real the 3% profit on sales that Amazon print gives you Here is an example from define gourmand, my novel Finding Sagrado where italics are needed: Was a strong like the same as love? I put like in real, italics to make the sentence absolutely clear. I didnt want it. Was a strong like Without the italics, a reader might go back and think there is a typo. Roger, I think thats a great use of italics.

Excellent column, Beth. It never hurts to be reminded of the subtleties of our language because as you say, its best to eliminate opportunities for an agent or editor to question the of physical, writers competence. I agree, Peter. Real! And theres no reason to create problems for yourself when the Essay, fixes are so easy. Some areas of writing arent quite as easy to real, handle, but the ones that are fairly simple to deal with can be mastered by all writers. One great way to fix an awkward paragraph is to define gourmand, delete it. Is Altruism Real! Ha! The reader doesnt know what was deleted. Maybe you were trying to put too much in Future of Solar Essay, the paragraph? Ask yourself if the is altruism, paragraph is really needed. My characters listen to Fresh Supply Essay, and sing along with a few songs in my novel.

So if I am mentioning a song by Bruce Springstein. I should write it as; Dandcing In The Dark. Real! Not; Dancing in product, the Dark. Italic or not? Also, when they are singing along, I have written it all in capitals. Real! Eg; HET LITTLE GIRL, IS YOUR DADDY HOME? DID HE GO AND LEAVE YOU ALL ALONE ETC. Kim, song titles do get quotation marks, so Dancing in definition, the Dark is correct. No italics. Theres no reason for all capsjust use mixed letters, the same way you do with regular text. The words of songs are still characters speaking. However, there are restrictions for copyrighted text.

So unless you get permission from Bruce Springsteen to real, use his words, readers shouldnt be heard singing his words. While its usually okay to quote a line or two from a book or movie, single lines from of Solar Essay, songs and poems make up a significant part of the song or poem, and the copyright holder may be ticked off by your use of is altruism his or her words. Works in the public domain can be quoted, but copyrighted works have protection. You can mention the product, name of a song or poem, but you dont want to use the text. A workaround is to create a song or poem of your own. Im working on an article concerning this issue that I hope to get up soon.

Does that answer your questions? Thanks. Just re read. Have since removed all lyrical content and real, am seeking permission on the use of two poems. I use a lot when a conversation is character's, interrupted or of someone is is altruism, struggling to say something. I am consistent through out, is this a death nail? Kim, Ive finally gotten around to putting together an article on using lyrics and poems in novels. I hope to definition, have it up today or tomorrow, so good timing with your comment. Use the ellipsis when dialogue trails off, the em dash when it is cut off. Is Altruism! Both are legitimate punctuation marks, but theyre unusual enough to nike line, be noticed if theyre used too often.

Actually, you typically dont want to is altruism, use any piece of punctuation or sentence structure or word too often. Think in terms of consistency, yes, but variety as well. If you know you use the Future, ellipsis a lot, I suggest that you do a search for it and then make changes if you find it used too often. Also, as a side note, the phrase is death knell, from the practice of ringing a bell when someone died. Thanks. If someone is real, gasping for their last breath, or winded, would you consider that trailing off or being cut off? The for of the city-states?, a song title, is it okay to use single to is altruism, differentiate from speech or is this old school? Kim, I cant nest a reply to your last comment, so I hope you find this okay.

Id definitely use the motivation definition, ellipsis for gasping for is altruism, breath and Sudan´s Water, probably for being winded, but with being winded, someones breath could be completely cut off. If so, Id go with the dash. For song titles, stick with double quotation marks, unless the title is mentioned in dialogue. Is Altruism! So double quotation marks would go for definition of physical education, the dialogue and singles for a song title (or quoted material) within dialogue. (BrE can use the is altruism real, reversesingle quotation marks for dialogue and doubles for a song title or quoted material within the dialogue.) so space is that ame? or no space and sentence with in it, is that also ame? Sorry for the confusion. you said it depends on if it is ame or bre but didnt clarify. For the motivation definition, ellipsis in is altruism real, American English, there are spaces between the ellipsis points, so if I needed an ellipsis in Sudan´s, AmE, I would write . Real! . . Of Physical Education! this. (If a closing quotation mark follows the ellipsis, do not include the final space.) Use nonbreaking spaces in is altruism, Word so the character's motivation, ellipsis doesnt break on a line break. For British English there are typically no spaces between the points though there are spaces before and after the points. In BrE Id use this. The sentence with the spaces surrounding the dash is is altruism real, BrE.

No spaces for either punctuation mark in definition education, AmE (given the real, examples weve looked at). love your long technical posts. always very useful Im using smt akin to define gourmand, your style sheet also for names, layout of places, items that reoccur, e.g. the cars (model, colour, general condition, etc). cheers! Sina, Im glad youre finding the is altruism real, info helpful. They do get long sometimes, dont they? How do I treat a program that is held here at our large hospital? The program is called ( made up ) We want you to get better soon. sponsored by the department of Internal Medicine. Do I put the character's motivation, program name in quotation marks, italic or plain text?

Beverly, I would say that typically youd put the name of the program in capsOur cutting-edge programWe Want You to Get Better Soonis sponsored by the department of Internal Medicine. Yet, you may have some options. Will this line be in is altruism, a letter to donors? In e-mails to staff? In public promotional materials? While you wouldnt use anything else if you were writing fiction, you may want to consider italics for real-world purposes. You probably want the text to definition, stand out, and mixed caps and italics would be useful for such a purpose. That or a different font (a change in style or in color). The Get Better program has already been introduced to real, more than 300 individuals and families. Bottom line: you wouldnt have to use anything more than capital letters for the major words. But depending on your needs, you may want to use a specific font, a specific color, or italics.

You dont want the definition, words blending in with the surrounding text in promotional materialsyou want readers to see the program name as the program name. Thank you for all the information you provide in the blog. Will you please clarify how the name of a house (i.e., an historic residence) is treated? Just capitals? Italics? Quotation marks? Thanks so much. Just capitals, Deborah. They are names, not titles. So the White House, Mount Vernon, Hearst Castle, and Gracie Mansion and fictional places Regent Hall, Dinsmore Cottage, and Salisbury Manor. If (in a novel) someone is reading a passage to another person and this is in italics, should the italics (quote from newspaper) also have quotation marks?

How do you treat a book title that is shortened? For example, if my character discusses The Secret Life of Bees (italics, not quotes) but just calls it The Secret Life, should I italicize that part or use quotes? Corene, italicize the shortened title the same way youd italicize the real, full title. (Or if its material that should be put in quotation marks, use quotation marks for the shortened title.) Im just about to publish my first novel, The Art of character's Peeling an Orange, on Amazon Kindle, and I encountered a small disaster. I can convert my pages file into is altruism ePub and upload to amazon without a problem, but then I lose my formatting. Power! ie: chapter heads all run together and dont start on a new page. Real! It is an esthetic problem and my book doesnt look professional. If I upload a word.doc, the above issue is solved, but I lose my italics, therefore some meaning and Sudan´s Fresh Water Essay, context.

Does anyone have a solution? Please help. Is Altruism! New author drinking herself to death over this Would you italicize certain interjections as sounds? For example, ahem, hmm, or humph? Good question, Tanis. I consider those words as dialogue and product, would therefore use quotation marks rather than italics.

However, hmm could be used as a thought rather than as a word spoken sound. In that case it would get italics or simply roman type, depending on how you were treating direct thoughts in your story. Thank you so much! First of all, thanks for sharing all your useful information! By far the most informative reading Ive done about is altruism quotation marks and italics. I have two questions: 1. When a character is writing/have written something, is it marked as usual dialogue? He left a note on the table (Out for a walk).

He left a note on the table (Out for a walk). Or should it get italics? He wrote, Out for a walk on the note. He wrote, Out for of the city-states?, a walk on the note. Im wondering about the comma there as well. As far as Im concerned, theres always a comma before dialogue in the middle of a sentence, but is it the same in this situation? 2. Is Altruism! In gestures that might be communicating in definition education, a suggestive manner, is that also written as normal dialogue? He looked at her in a way that clearly said, Im not giving up on you.

Thanks in advance! Im with you, Katherine. What is the best way to punctuate text that is supposedly read, not said? Ive seen it done different ways, and my copy of real CMS isnt being very helpful. Im also curious about your second question. Theres been some debate among my writing buddies lately re the use of quotes or italics when the define gourmand, character is is altruism real, either reading something verbatim in the text (say a sign, or a note or something).

The sign read, Kingsbridge 2 miles. The sign read, Kingsbridge 2 miles. Also, if a character is remembering something shed read or heard said at some time in the past verbatim, should it be italicized like internal dialog, or quoted? Or does it depend on Future of Solar Power how its presented? Also, should a colon precede the is altruism real, remembered quotation, or a comma, or a period, or something else?

For example, how to nike product line, present the words in a case like this: She could see the pages of that old book, as if it were in front of her right now. Work hard but dont be obsessive. I have the same questions. This rule for chapter titles in books is not referring to chapter titles of a manuscript itself, which are not put in real, quotation marks within the define gourmand, manuscript. Use quotation marks in real, your text if a character or narrator is thinking about or speaking a chapter title, not for nike, your own chapter titles. In a non-fiction work, I (as the author) explain to my reader the is altruism real, major sections in the book. Would I use quotations around the title names of those sections when I write about them in the text?

For instance, assuming the use of a colon is correct would this be the correct way to include this text? Part Two: Title of Major Section Yes, Melissa, youre referring to real sections (or chapters) within the which following italian, text, and putting those references into is altruism quotation marks is exactly what youd want to do. And the which following italian, colon is good as well. Real! You could do the same setup for chaptersChapter Five: The Hope Within Us All Your chapters, sections, and parts get quotation marks just as chapters, sections, and parts of other books would get quotation marks. For anyone else reading this, my note was a reference to chapter titles of the Future Essay, manuscript, those on the first page of every chapter. Those would not get quotation marks in the manuscript itself.

I have an real odd question about the use of quotation marks. This is my third novel in a series (Southern fiction). In my characters dialog which is in quotation marks, he is Future of Solar Power, talking and is altruism real, also quoting something his wife said. Do I use a quote within a quote? Heres the example.

Macie was bound and determined to character's motivation definition, find out which one of her hens wasnt laying and one day she came in and said to real, me, I think its that funny looking chicken. Ive seen every chicken go into the hen house today except her. I went out to which of the following city-states?, see what all the fuss was about and lo and behold, that hen was a rooster. Yes, Glenda. This is exactly the time you want to is altruism real, use a quote within a quote. What is Water Supply, BRE? If I write. But I love the Bruce Springsteen song Dancing in is altruism, the Dark,she said it look weird. I would think it would beBut I like the song Dancing in the Dark by Bruce Springsteen, she said. . Kim, BrE is British English; AmE is American English. If someone is speaking and then quoting someone else (or naming something that gets quotation marks), the Sudan´s Water, quotation marks switch from doubles to singles (or in BrE, they can change from singles to doubles). Glenda used single quotation marks inside her doubles for real, her examples. Your example would work either of the ways you pointed out. Note the product line, space between the single and double quotation marks.

But I love the is altruism real, Bruce Springsteen song Dancing in the Dark, she said. But I like the Future of Solar, song Dancing in the Dark by Bruce Springsteen, she said. If someone using BrE wrote they same sentence, the following options would be correct. Note the comma outside the double quotation mark after dark. But I love the Bruce Springsteen song Dancing in is altruism, the Dark, she said. But I like the song Dancing in the Dark by Bruce Springsteen, she said. Does this make sense? If Ive confused you, let me know where I lost you. Thanks so much, you are very prompt. Is a poem in dialogue italicized?

You probably covered this in define gourmand, your article, I will read it soon. Am in the middle of applying for a grant for future publication. Why when I make a comment why does blank out. I am writing an American based fiction, inital audience is Australia and is altruism real, i have used American lingo. Mom and realize etc. Is this a death knell? Kim, yes, do read the article about lyrics and poetry in fiction . You may find you wont quote any long sections of text once you consider some of the points in Future Power Essay, the article.

In general, however, you wouldnt need to is altruism, use italics to quote a poem. Define Gourmand! If someone is reading it aloud, you could use quotation marks. If someone is reading a line silently to himself, then italics would be useful. As for a full poem or even a stanza, you could set it off in the text with extra margins on both sides. But, still, read the is altruism, article. Its not often that youll want to plop a full poem into the middle of a novel. Im not sure whats blanking out.

Let me know more if youre still having problems. If youve got Americans in a story, have them use AmE for the words they think and speak, so mom rather then mum is appropriate. But if your audience is in Australia, you may want to use BrE spellings, so realise rather than realize. Let the characters language fit them, but let the storys grammar and nike product line, punctuation fit your audience. What about using capital when someone is shouting? I dont want your whisky dick! I DONT WANT YOUR WHISKY DICK! I was doing this a lot, but have since stopped. And when using; she thought it odd he would wear such heavy clothing in the middle of is altruism summer DASH it was the hottest on Future Power Essay record after all. Is the real, DASH sp[ace controldash space, making it longer than a regular dash, or is of physical education, it alt control dash or just dash? Plus, is afteralll, after-all? And when I use I space then Should it be; matter His voice trailed off at the sight of her taking off her clothes.

OR matter his voice trailed off at the sight of her bla bla . I know, I am dumb, but your advice is paramount. How do you get paid? If I submit a sample for quote on real editing, you require a chapter and page 250, does that mean an average of 250 words per page? Please read the above if you get time. Kim, unless youre writing for children, you really dont want to character's definition, use all caps. Real! Shouting is identified through the words and an exclamation point, if one is truly necessary. Nike! Definitely dont use all caps for regular shouting. But could you use a few instances of all caps under certain conditions? You could. But Id limit them to once or twice over the course of a manuscript.

And for only one or two words at a time, not long sentences. This is something you might have to play by ear, but the real, fewer words with all caps, the stronger the impact will be when you actually use all caps. Maybe a character has been taken over by a demon and speaks with a powerful demon voicethat might be the time you could get away with all caps. DashThe dash youre referring to in American English is an em dash. In MS Word you can insert it by holding the Alt key and typing 0151 on of Solar Essay the numeric keypad (or Alt-Ctrl-minus). There are other ways of inserting the em dash as well. And there are no spaces. So it would look something like this: She did like strawberriesthey were her favorite fruit.

For British English, the en dash is real, often used instead. It is surrounded by spaces. The en dash is define gourmand, shorter than an em dash (but still longer than a hyphen). The MS Word shortcut is Alt 0150 (or Ctrl minus). It would look something like this: She did like strawberries they were her favorite fruit. After all is spelled after all . The spaces with an real ellipsis also depends on whether youre using AmE or BrE.

But as for what follows, in your example, capitalize the first word that follows the quotation mark because youre beginning a new sentence. As for submitting a sample for a quote, I require at least the definition of physical, first chapter and is altruism, the chapter that contains page 250 (not just page 250). In other words, Im looking for a chapter from the middle of the nike line, book. However, I really like having as much to work with as possible, you if you send submit something, sending the full manuscript is best. I was just curious how you would punctuate the name of games, like Hide and Seek, or Truth or Darejust capital, or italics, or quotes? Thanks so much for all your advice. Youre the real, best! Darien, this is going to of the following were city-states?, be one of those it depends answers. For hide-and-seek and truth or dareno caps, no italics, and no quotation marks. The same would hold true for checkers, chess, bridge, tag, dodgeball, and is altruism real, poker.

Games with trademarked names such as Monopoly, Scrabble, and Parcheesi would get capital letters, but nothing else. For video games, capitalize initial letters of each word. You might also want to which following were, use italicsthats a recommendation Ive seen in several places. If you use italics, thats treating the game like a book or album. For this one, you have some leewayjust be consistent. The best option is to check a dictionary if youre unsure about is altruism real a particular game. A great questionIm sure others have wondered too. If youre grandmother tells you, you are my precious little girl. In German shed say, Du bist mein kostbares kleines Maedchen. Irene, Im not sure what issue youre pointing out with your example. Which Of The Italian! Is there something missing from your comment?

I found these tips helpful, but I was curious about another instance. What about the is altruism, name of a program? Not a computer program (though I didnt see that on there and dont know if the rule would be the same or different), but something like We are considering withdrawing funding from the Excellence in Education program. Would Excellence in Education be italicized or put in quotes or something else? Thanks!

Sharon, Ive never seen italics or quotation marks recommended for program names, and I just did another quick search to define gourmand, be sure. Capital letters should be sufficient. Computer programs are also capped but not italicized. The titles of computer games can be italicized, but apparently that one is not set in is altruism real, stone. Make a choice and then be consistent.

I use both italics and quotes when referring to non-human speech, or that of an animal, in my fantasy books. Character's Definition! It helps to differentiate between that of ordinary speaking and that of an is altruism entity or spirit. Dawn, Im in agreement with trying anything that woks. But how do you differentiate between thoughts in quotes and dialogue in quotes? Can readers easily tell the difference? That is, do you do something specific each time to nike line, indicate that youre showing thoughts rather than italics? Other writers might want to try whatever it is that youre doing. Thank you for a great article!

My student wrote a fiction story and is altruism real, the name for one of the agencies in her story is Happily ever after. Should she use quotation marks for this name of the place all the name or just capital letters? I am confused because Happily ever after is usually a phrase in a story and not a name. Amy, no quotation marks are necessary. The names of companies and Fresh Water Essay, businesses need only to be capitalized, no matter where the name came from. I have written a novel in American English. How do I write am and pm?

I have used a lot of poetry and when I have a character about to recite I go, cleared his throat then began: I Had Something To Say. Is the [:] correct? or is it; or just, ? also when writing ages thirty-three, is the is altruism, correct? Could you give me an I idea of format for a 23.5 by Power, 15 cm novel. Is Altruism! Nora Roberts kind of Fresh Water Essay size. Could you confirm proper industry size? I have margins currently at is altruism real, 2.54 top and bottom, inside 2.3 and outside at definition, 1.9. Real! I know the inside and character's motivation definition, outside sound ass about but it is the only way I can get my opening page lined up so spine is the bigger margin. . I am trying to keep page numbers down and it looks okay on the eye, although there are more than normal words on is altruism a page and font is 11 tnr. One more thing, when writing ASAP and GFC of Ford F 100, are there dots or gaps. Of Solar! Yes I am that dumb!

He he. Very helpful! Thank you. I requested a comment on using famous writers quotes; Shakespeare and Banjo Patterson at the beginning of a novel, pre story. Is Altruism! I know if you use other peoples info in text, you have to get copyright permission, but these peeps are dead! Kim, with material in the public domain, you dont need to secure permission since no one owns the define gourmand, copyright. Yet do be aware that some newer versions of is altruism some materials may have copyrightsso some modern versions of the Bible do have active copyrights. For works in the public domain, include author name and title of the source if its not just a general quote.

I have a question that I cant seem to find the Fresh Supply, answer to, and that was not mentioned in this article. Can you/should you italicize quotes? Patrick, direct quotes go inside quotation marks, but theres no need to is altruism, use italics. Thats the of Solar Essay, basic answer, yet you might be thinking of real some example in particular. If so, let me know. Two examples of the define gourmand, basic rule Id been walking along the shore, nicely alone, when a couple of is altruism teen girls came jogging up the beach. One said, And my parents said I couldnt go unless I aced both exams and finished in character's motivation definition, the top three in this weekends meet. Thomas wanted to know if it was Shakespeare who said, Judge me by my size, do you? I hope that helps.

I wasnt actually talking about a quote within a sentence or paragraph. Im talking about an actual quote from somebody. For example: I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones -Albert Einstein. Would it be wrong to italicize a quote like that? Thanks for the reply, Okay, so youre using the quote at the beginning of is altruism a book or chapter, something like that? An epigraph?

In that case, the choice is solely up to Sudan´s Fresh Essay, you. Italics or roman, either is acceptable. Just be consistent if you include multiple quotations. Youll likely also want to real, center the text. And no quotation marks are necessary. Its actually not for anything formal at Water Supply Essay, all; its for a forum signature. Is Altruism! I just wanted it to be correct. Again, I really appreciate you taking the define gourmand, time to answer my question. Thanks for your help,

Patrick, youre welcome. For something like that, you definitely have a style choice. Hi Beth, Thank you very much for real, your article. It is very useful, and even more for Future Power, a foreigner like me (Im French). Real! I wrote a novel in my language and since last September, I have been working on its translation in English. The second part of the story is taking place in England and the main characters are French. Character's Motivation Definition! When they speak to each other, they use a mixture of is altruism French and English words. I decided to italicise the English words. Consequenltly, when any character -be French, English or of education any other nationality-, uses English, I have also italicised what they say. Is there a rule for that particular situation ? Also some characters who are not French use French when they speak. Is Altruism! Should it be italicised ? Merci for your help.

Vincent. Vincent, if youve written the story in French, then anything in English should be written in Future of Solar Essay, italics. Is Altruism! There are exceptions for product, common English words that anyone would know; dont italicize English words that would be known to real, your French-speaking audience. On the other hand, you dont want too much to be italicized. Are there long sections in character's definition, English? If your audience is French, I wouldnt include too much in English. You dont want to lose your readers. Is Altruism Real! But for occasional words and definition, phraseseven sentencesin English, yes, you would use italics. No, dont use italics for is altruism real, those who are not French but speak French. The italics use is for character's definition, your readersit identifies words in a foreign language, which in your book means a language other than French.

Does that answer both your concerns? Do italicize words in what is not the is altruism real, primary language of your story. But try not to have too many of such words in your story. Which! You dont want readers unable to read whats going on. Beth, Thank you very much for your reply but all my questions are about the is altruism real, English version, not the French. Sorry if I was not clear in my previous message and merci encore. Following! Vincent. Vincent, Im sorry I missed the is altruism real, part about Sudan´s Fresh Water Supply Essay you working on the English translation. In that case, you want to is altruism real, italicize the French but not the English.

So italicize any words not in the major language of the story. It doesnt matter who is speaking themif words are in a language other than the storys main language, they are italicized. (Again, allowances for Future Power Essay, common words that everyone would understand without translation.) This is a cue for is altruism real, the reader and has nothing to following were italian city-states?, do with character. Since your readers will expect English, French words should be italicized to show that they are not English words. Again, you wouldnt want to include too many passages in French since you cant expect your readers to understand that language and you dont want them to miss vital information. If you want to real, show characters speaking a language other than the line, main language the is altruism, story is written in and need to convey what they are saying, put the scene in the viewpoint of one of the characters who is speaking and definition, try something like this Charles and Marc switched over to French when Billy entered the room. Not to intentionally keep the information from him, but he was a gossip.

And he always told his mother everything they said about the family business. After including something like that paragraph, you can still report the is altruism, dialogue in English, but readers will assume theyre speaking French. Character's Definition! You may want to remind readers that theyre speaking French, however, especially if they keep speaking it for a while. And you should let the readers know when they switch to English. I hope this information better fits your circumstances. Thank you so much for all the information.

What a service this is. My question is not for fiction, its for a blog I am putting together. (Although, considering the way I write it will probably come up in a story Im writing as well.) The language is very informal, but I still want it to be understandable and consistent. Real! I was using common phrases in Sudan´s Fresh Supply Essay, a sentence. For instance: Shes a live and let live kind of girl. Real! It feels like live and let live should be italicised or something but Im not sure. Water Essay! Im sure it is is altruism, technically incorrect but it seems understandable. Define Gourmand! I guess Im struggling with whether ideas should be put in real, quotes or italicised. Another example would be something like, She reached nirvana when she tasted the ice cream. I hope that makes sense. Thanks, again. Bria, your instincts are right on.

Your first example can be written a couple of ways. Shes a live-and-let-live kind of girl. Shes a live and let live kind of girl. The hyphens are preferable; we typically hyphenate compound adjectives before a noun. You can use italics, but often we reserve those for longer compound adjectivesHer happiness was gained through trick your boyfriend for as long as you can games. Yet even for something such as this sentence, the hyphens would work. I see no need for anything special with your second example; its just a sentence. What were you thinking needed emphasis? Regarding italics and which of the following italian city-states?, a characters thoughts in novels, the distinction needs to be made between verbatim thoughts and the narrative rambling of a close third POV. If the narrator is speaking to is altruism real, himself using a conversational format, i.e., addressing the reader/himself in thought, that text is italicized.

Too many writers get the general advice to italicize a narrators thoughts resulting in what becomes meaningless punctuation thats difficult to Fresh Supply, read. Bonnie, I agree that italicized text that goes on and on is definitely hard to read. And theres no reason to include too much of it. Is Altruism Real! There are options for Future of Solar Power, working around the need for italicized text. While writers can use italics for thoughts directed from a character to himself, italics are not a requirement for is altruism real, that format. See this articleand the comment sectionfor a discussion on Writing Character Thoughts . Let me first say thank you. Your blog has been invaluable. A quick question. In one of my stories, I have a ship named The Lucky Lady. I know, according to this blog, the name would be in italics.

But sometimes, in either the narrative or when a character is speaking, they shorten the namecall it The Lady. My question is, do the same rules apply when that is done? When they shorten the name do I still use italics or would it be normal font? Thanks in advance. Im glad the blog has been useful, CJ. Yes, use italics even when a character shortens the name of a ship.

Do the same for other titles. So Love in the Time of Cholera might be referred to as Cholera, and italics would still be used. A great question. I may edit the article to address the issue. Thank you so much for define gourmand, your speedy reply!

Im just at is altruism real, a final editing now, and can put forth this change to Fresh Supply Essay, my editor. Whoot! Sorry to bother you so soon, but just came to another example in my book of something that may need italics. T-shirts. Is Altruism Real! I mean when you have a character in a story wearing a T-shirt with a caption on character's motivation it, is that caption italicized or in quotes? For example Once properly clothed in a pair of gray sweat pants and T-shirt that read, Are You Feeling Lucky? he carried her out to the bed and wrapped her in some blankets. Ive only used quotation marks here to mark the T-shirt slogan for you, so should Are You Feeling Lucky? be in is altruism real, italics instead?

Or written as is? I looked through the comments, but didnt see that this example had been addressed. Thanks again for the help. CJ, for this one, you have options. The Chicago Manual of Style advises that we capitalize words from (common) signs and mottoes used in running text if the which of the italian, phrase is shortno italics and is altruism real, no quotation marks. But CMOS does recommend quotation marks for longer messages. And you could argue that a T-shirt is a sign of a sort. Your T-shirt message is a familiar and short phrase, so you could probably just capitalize it.

However, a quick check of character's motivation a handful of newspapers shows that they all use quotation marks for the text of a T-shirt. So if you do use quotation marks, that wouldnt be considered wrong. Yet if you do go with the real, quotation marks, you dont need to capitalize every word. Capitalize only the first word. Adding weight to the recommendation to were italian city-states?, use quotation marks is the way the T-shirts message is introduced. Real! If you use words such as said or read, readers will likely expect quotation marks. But if you mention the T-shirts text in a different wayas in the next exampleId suggest capital letters and no quotation marks. His faded T-shirt featured the define gourmand, familiar phrase Are You Feeling Lucky. Bottom line, I think youre safe going with quotation marks for your example. Is Altruism! (Remember to Essay, capitalize just the first word.) Thanks so much! I have a character in is altruism real, another book thats known for Fresh, wearing funny T-shirts as well and will need this information for her, too.

I very much appreciate all your help and hard work. My pleasure, CJ. Glad to be of help. Sorry if this question has already been answered, but what is the case for is altruism, fictitious books? For example, in Markus Zusaks The Book Thief (imagine that that title is of the following were italian, italicized), one of the characters, Max Vandenburg, creates several books that do not exist in real life, one of real which is Power, called The Standover Man. Would I italicize the title of that book in is altruism, my essay? If not, how should I format it? A good question, Ryan. And I dont think its been asked before. Yes, go ahead and italicize it, even though the books not real. Nike! The title is a real title, and thats what matters.

Thank you for this. Real! Thats a question Ive been looking everywhere to which were italian city-states?, find the answer to. I generally use made up magazine names, tv show titles, etc. (to avoid any legal complications) in my writing and was never quite sure if the real, italics were appropriate. Mike, Im glad you found what you were looking for. And I quite understand using fictitious names and titles.

I think its a great option. Thank you, again. Beth, I always check your blog when I have questions. Its a wonderful service! My question concerns this sentence: They might not last in the long run, but he wasnt going to rush their demise with a tale of two cities.

Should there be single or double quotation marks, italics, or nothing at all around tale of two cities? Thanks, Cassie. Nike! Im always glad to hear that writers and editors can find what theyre looking for. Im assuming your intent is to refer to the book? If so, you need capital letters and italics.

They might not last in the long run, but he wasnt going to rush their demise with A Tale of Two Cities. If you dont intend to is altruism, reference the book directlyperhaps the Future of Solar Power Essay, character wanted to use the title for a play on wordsthen youd approach this differently. But if you did intend a play on words, youd change the is altruism, title in some way. Let me know if that didnt answer the question for you. Beth, thanks so much for Sudan´s Fresh Water, answering so quickly! I truly appreciate it. Yes, the character is referring to the book title.

I guess it could be considered a play on words because he and his significant other are trying to work out their relationship while living in different cities. In that case, would it still need caps and italics? Im always flummoxed about this subject. Again, thanks so very much for taking the time to answer! Cassie, if hes actually referring to the book itself, with something like this next example, you do need capital letters and italics They might not last in the long run, but he wasnt going to rush their demise by making them play out A Tale of is altruism Two Cities. For a play on the title (which sounds more like what you have in mind), you wouldnt use the define gourmand, title directly and therefore wouldnt need caps or italics. Youd want the is altruism, reference close enough to the original to be recognizable but different enough to fit your scenes context.

They might not last in the long run, but he wasnt going to rush their demise by dwelling on their own sad tales of following italian two very distant cities. Does that settle the issue for you? You can refer to exact titles, so dont feel that you cant. But if you do mention them, use italics (or quotation marks when necessary) to indicate that youre mentioning a title. Otherwise make the reference different enough that youre not just using the real, titles words without the proper punctuation and capital letters. Oh, my goodness, thank you so very, very much!

Your explanation is exactly what I was looking for! You are a treasure for line, writers! Thank you, Beth! I know youll tell me to recastbut I cant. Which version would you pick for the possessive of is altruism real a song title in quote marks? Again, Im not permitted to character's, recastso which is the most viable alternative here? And would you use straight or curly quotes to enclose both the title and the possessive?

Thank you kindly. Lou, are you sure you cant rewrite? Thats the is altruism real, best option. Of Solar Power Essay! If you truly cant, go with your third choice, with the is altruism, apostrophe and s outside the quotation marks. (I assume the direction of the Water Supply, apostrophe is simply a function of the blog.) Ive not seen that anyone expressly suggests using the is altruism, space between the double quotation mark and nike, the apostrophe for is altruism real, this purpose, yet I suggest it for ease of reading. Definition! But use a thin space if you can. And use curly quotes (for most purposes). You might use straight quotes in real, an e-mail.

Chicago 16 doesnt specifically address this. They use a commainside the quote marks next to an exclamation point/question markwith quoted titles only. Are these correct? When Jill screamed, Help! the nike line, neighbors called 911. When Frank asked, Wheres the keg? his wife said that his friend drank it all.

The weekly periodical, How Do We Invest In the Future?, is very popular. (Comma goes inside the ending quote because a title of a work is is altruism, being referenced, correct?) I say no commas in these, correct? I resented her How old are you? Are you married? and Are you interested in a fling? questions. (No commas, I say.) Lou, there are a couple of issues and options here. Lets do these one issue at a time. (Im answering for you as well as for others who might read this, so Ill go into Future of Solar Power a bit of is altruism detail.) Because I gave Lou some bad advice, I deleted this answer (11/8//15) and character's motivation definition, wrote up answers to the questions in this article replacing commas with question marks . Lou, after more investigation, I realize that I steered you wrong here with some of this information. Is Altruism! Im going to correct this answer and use your questions in an article to make this issue clear.

When will your article be coming out? (Yaaaay!) And which ones were incorrect above? The article is finally up replacing commas with question marks . I think it should provide the info you need. *g* Beth, you shouldnt have answered me in terms I could truly understand because youre quickly becoming my go to expert! With that admittance, I have another question about the following sentence: But his emptiness was so pervasive, he gave the muse idea serious consideration when he looked at his latest piecesuninspired, apathetic, lifeless. If I were to change he gave the define gourmand, muse to is altruism, he had to give the product line, muse, would it be grammatically correct? My confusion lies in the use of simple past vs an infinitive.

Any light you could shed on my addled brain would be greatly appreciated! Thanks, Beth! Cassie, either option is correct. The second gives the reader more insight into the characters thoughts and/or puts more emphasis on is altruism his reason for giving the muse idea consideration. The first option is more a statement of which following were city-states? fact. An option for is altruism real, tweaking each

But his emptiness was so pervasive, he actually gave the muse idea serious consideration as he studied his latest piecesuninspired, apathetic, lifeless. But his emptiness was so pervasive, he had to give the Water Essay, muse idea serious consideration after he evaluated his latest piecesuninspired, apathetic, lifeless. Thank you, Beth! Yes, youve definitely helped! Im going for more insight into the characters thoughts. I appreciate your taking the time to answer me! Hi what about real names of buildings, but I have made up the names.

This is for character's definition, a building project brochure. So we want to call it The Childrens House or Dining Hall A or The Orange Hill. Is Altruism! These names are used many times throughout the line, brochure. Italics, quotes? Or quote it once and real, then every other time just plain caps? Mara, names of buildings require only capital letters, no italics or quotation marks. Sudan´s Fresh Supply! When used in a caption (under a photo or illustration, for example), capitalize all the words in real, the name, including the articleThe Childrens House and The Orange Hill. When you use the name in which of the following italian, running textBuilding begins on the Childrens House in Decemberdont capitalize the the.

None of the is altruism, top-gun style guide address these. With the approaching holidays Id like to which of the italian, know which words to correctly capitalize. What is the technically correct capitalization rule for each, please? Should Merry in Merry Christmas and is altruism real, Happy New Year be capped below? If not, how would you punctuate this exact sentence? Have a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year! Hope you have a great New Year! Have a Happy Thanksgiving! A Happy Anniversary to the both of define gourmand you. Happy Birthday, Michael!

Have a Happy Birthday, Michael! Cap Birthday in the first and Happy Birthday in the second? Have a Happy Thanksgiving! Thank you so much! Denise, perfect questions for a topic Ive not addressed here at the blog. Names of holidays (religious and secular) are capitalized. So Christmas (and Eve), Thanksgiving Day, New Years Day (and Eve ) are always capitalized. The words happy, merry, birthday, and anniversary are not capped in running text (although we often capitalize such words in is altruism, headings. Do capitalize these words at Future, the beginnings of is altruism sentences, as usual.

Have a merry Christmas and a happy New Year. (ButI hope the new year is define gourmand, a happy one for is altruism, you.) I hope you have a great new year. Character's Definition! (No caps here. This is referring to the year, not to the holiday.) Have a happy Thanksgiving. A happy anniversary to . . . Happy birthday, Michael. Have a happy birthday . Real! . . Have a happy Thanksgiving. Happy holidays to you and yours.

Seasons greeting to you all. This really is a great topic (and theres lots more to cover). I guess this calls for Water Supply, a full article. Thanks for the tip. This blog of is altruism real yours is just unbelievably great! Ive never seen anything quite like this.

Am I dreaming?? This site is Sudan´s Fresh Water Supply, better than the top style guides, and I mean that. Is Altruism! Youre awesome, Beth! Great, great work. You should be very proud. Thanks so much for this post, I am currently studying for a Graduate Certificate in Editing and Publishing and found this immensely helpful! I have a question, if you dont mind, about a passage Im currently editing. Motivation! You said in your post that for songs, the CD or album title would be in italics and the song names would be in real, quotation marks. This makes perfect sense, but would you say the same for an old or traditional folk song? Here is the sentence: But when his voice, ripe and full and strong, lofted Macushla and Mother Machree to the soaring roof of the hired theatre, that stunning opposition of character's motivation definition school shirt and matinee idol voice had the crowd cheering and is altruism real, pulping their palms.

Would you say that the define gourmand, quotations marks are correct here? My understanding is that these are titles of real Irish folk songs, and following italian city-states?, as such, dont belong to is altruism, a larger group like an nike product line album. Should they be italicised instead? Thanks very much! Erin, stay with quotation marks for real, songs, even folk songs. Sudan´s Fresh Water Supply Essay! The punctuation helps to identify the words as song titles in the middle of is altruism real other text. Songs dont have to be on which were albums in real, order to have quotation marks; the album/song comparison is simply a way to differentiate between the kinds of nike line titles. Thank you so much for replying, Beth!

Much appreciated. He received two As on his report card. (Chicago prefers this.) Would the reader momentarily stumble and construe As as the real, word as? Is this clearer to the reader in your opinion? He received two As on definition his report card. Which would you go with? He received two As, three Bs, and is altruism real, two Cs on his report card. Of Physical! (Could this work, or is it a no-no?) Which would Beth Hill personally useAs or As in all the examples above? PS This is the greatest reference source available anywhere on the Net or in any bookstore! You are to be commended! Awesome, awesome, awesome site!

Denise, you hit on one of the contentious ones. Chicago does recommend As , but I think its clearer with the is altruism real, apostrophe, As . Of Solar Power! Used aloneI got all AsId definitely go with the apostrophe. Used in a group of letter grades, As is is altruism real, probably clear, but Id still go with As . Then readers dont have to guess or hesitate. And I wouldnt use apostrophes for the other letterstwo As, three Bs, and two Cs. Im sure youve seen lots of Future Essay different possibilities for this one. Is Altruism Real! But there are already allowances, so why not include this one? Im glad you like the site. But always keep in mind that Im an editor, not a proofreader, so my answers may not always match CMOS or another source. Definition! I try to is altruism, provide reasons when I disagree with major reference sources or when a writer has options. CMOS 16 says that PS (for postscriptum) has no periods. So if I were to definition of physical education, use PS, is there any punctuation (i.e., a period or a colon) that should follow?

1. PS Keep up the real, great work! 2. PS: Keep up the great work! 3. PS. Keep up the great work! Per Chicago, do you think that 1, 2, or 3 is correct? Denise, I didnt see CMOSs suggestion for no periods, but the Oxford Dictionary of current English shows PS as well. I looked at several sources and found nothing definitive for the punctuation following the PS.

A period or a colon should be acceptable. (And both options were given as options from the nike line, Gregg Reference Manual in is altruism, one resource I found.) In several questions directed to the CMOS folks online, they use the define gourmand, format P.S. Text, text, text in their answers. Real! (Admittedly, those answers may be older, from the days before P.S. became PS.) I may check another source or twoIm more than curious that this doesnt seem to definition of physical education, be addressed in many places. But you should be fine with the period or the colon following PS. Is Altruism! Or you could revert to P.S. and follow it with your postscript sentence. How do you create italics on your website? It didnt work in the post above.

Lol. For italics (i), bold (b), or underline (u), bracket your text as follows, omitting the space after the first bracket of each pair If I have an Essay italicized place name that includes The at the beginning (I know I shouldnt but lets just say for arguments sake that I have) do I always have to is altruism, italicize the The part? Ben, Im not sure if Im considering all your possibilities, but Im guessing you mean places such as the United States or the Philippines contrasted with names such as The Hague , Le Havre, and The Plains (Ohio). If you had to italicize the define gourmand, place names, as I did here, italicize the word the in names that capitalize the the . Is that what youre getting at? If not, let me know. Thanks for is altruism real, your great website! Im going back on forth on define gourmand the punctuation of the last name in is altruism, this sentence: She picked up the envelope marked Jamison that sat on define gourmand her desk. My latest thought is that Chicago 7.58 applies here. It says that proper nouns used as words are usually set in roman (as opposed to words used as words, which are italicized or enclosed in quotation marks).

What do you think? PS Do you have an idea of is altruism real when your new book will be out in print format? Oops, typing too fast! Meant back and forth. Diane, I dont think that Jamison is being used as a word here. At least not the same way the word iPod is character's definition, used in the CMOS example (and in is altruism, this sentence). Yet thats just my opinion.

Id probably use italics for a reference to words on an envelope or piece of paper. Maybe quotation marks if the of Solar, wording was different, if the sentence included said or write . She picked up the envelopewith its chicken-scratch version of Jamison on the backfrom her desk. Like you, I go back and forth with the options. But sometimes the rest of the sentence guides the choice. The book is being formatted. Ill let everyone know when its coming as soon as I have a date. Thank you for all that you do for us. How would you use quotations in an authors thoughts to herself. Example: The executive officers never intended to so thoroughly betray their underlings. Or do they? I would often ask myself. Melissa, this article (and the comments) on character thoughts should give you some ideas. If you cant find what youre looking for there, let me know.

Do italicize the names of is altruism real specific Disney attractions? For example, do I italicize The Festival of Fantasy Parade? A great question, Brianna. I had to do a little checking, but no italics for the attractions or the define gourmand, areas of the park (Fantasyland). Just capitalize the names of the is altruism real, attractions. If you refer to a movie or book title on which a ride is based, be sure to use italics for the movie or book reference.

How do you list TV shows and episodes on which of the were city-states? social media where you cant use italics and bold? Nicky, definitely capitalize them, both the is altruism real, names of the shows and product, the names of the episodes. Is Altruism! Since you can probably still use quotation marks, use those for the episode titles. You might have to go with only caps for the show titles. This is define gourmand, CMOSs response when asked about the inability to use italics on social media Capitalization, Titles . Im thinking that all caps might be the is altruism, best solution if you show both a show title and episode titles, simply to differentiate them. But quotation marks should be acceptable when you have only the show titles. A great question. Maybe others will contribute their solutions.

Thank you for the help. Such a helpful article thanks Beth. The only thing Im still not 100% on of the were city-states? is when referring to a historically significant event within a story. E.g. Is Altruism! Things hadnt seemed so bleak since . (Note: I dont know how to product, stylise whats in the pointy brackets.) Im guessing it only needs to be capitalised like the Great Depression, or the Big Bang? Please help. Thank you, thank you, thank you!

Ahh, that didnt work. What I wrote in the pointy brackets got removed. Heres my example again: Things hadnt seemed so bleak since [the scouring of is altruism real scones]. A good question, Joel. Treat fictional historical events the same way youd treat actual historical events in our world. Sudan´s Fresh Supply! So for something like a famous battleThe Battle of Britainyoud capitalize it. For a family tale, even if the storys been passed down for yearsthe raiding of old Toms farmdont capitalize the event. No quotation marks or italics are necessary for either.

Is the scouring of scones a known historical event in your story world or is this wording just a casual way some characters refer to is altruism real, the event? CMOS 16 (8.74) gives a list of events, some capitalized (the Boston Tea Party, the Great Chicago Fire, the Cultural Revolution) and of physical, some not (the civil rights movement, the crash of 1929, the fire of is altruism real 1871). You may simply have to make a decision. Capitalizing the definition of physical education, words would turn the Scouring of the real, Scones into of the were a big deal, maybe into an event thats commemorated annually, an event known to both sides in a war or disagreement. But not all big events are capitalized. We wouldnt write the Signing of the Magna Carta (capitalizing the is altruism real, word signing ) or the Opening of Hunting Season (capitalizing any of the words) or the Last Trek of the Essay, Alloni. If the event was written the Great Scone Scourge? You might want to cap that. We do, after all, capitalize the Black Death. Yet youll also want to is altruism real, consider the scope of the event. An event known only locally probably doesnt need caps.

The event can still be important, even if its not capitalized. I hope that helps. I, he said, am disgusted. Original sentence is I am disgusted, not I, am disgusted, with the comma after I. Thus, the question mark goes outside the ending quote marks (I,). I am disgusted, he said, but I think Ill get over it.

Original sentence is I am disgusted, but I think Ill get over it. The comma goes after disgusted (inside the quotes) because a comma is required before but at that point in the sentencethat is, the of the following were city-states?, comma separates two independent clauses, the second of which starts with the coordinating conjunction but. Do you agree with my punctuation and is altruism, logic in both sentences above? This is definition of physical, strictly for logical punctuation. I recently wrote a movie review on my blog, and because I couldnt italicize the movies title in my blog post title, I used double quotation marks, as follows: Far from the Madding Crowd. Is Altruism Real! But Ive seen that most titles of Future Essay blog posts that refer to movies and books either dont use any quotation marks or they use single quotation marks that read as follows: Far from the Madding Crowd. Is Altruism! If I cant use italics in my blog post title, which should I use: double quotation marks, single quotation marks, or no quotation marks? And thanks for such an of physical informative and helpful website! Ginger, when you see single quotation marks, its probably because the author or editor is following the practice of newspapers to use single quotation marks when titles (of books or movies) or other words requiring quotation marks appear in article titles. Space is at a premium in newspapers, so single quotation marks are a standard practice there. You could do the same thing with a blog post title, but you could just as easily use double quotation marksits not likely that youd be dealing with a space issue. But either would work and is altruism real, be acceptable.

I wouldnt recommend going without any quotation marks because that could confuse readers. If youre going to mention a book or movie in nike product, a blog post title and you cant italicize, use quotation marks of one kind or the real, other. And thank you. Im glad you find the site useful. That clarifies things. Sudan´s Fresh Water Essay! Thanks so much! Beth, for some reason punctuation for the following sentence flummoxes me: When Jennifer Patterson paid me an ill-timed visit, asking me to is altruism real, take her son and fix him, she started with We havent always agreed. Should there be quotations marks, should there be commas after started with and visit, and is it correct to capitalize we? Total brain drain on this one!

Any help would be greatly appreciated! Thanks! Cassie, I can see why this one has you wondering. Lets look at the first comma first. Product! You actually have options here. That is, this sentence would be correct with and without that first comma. Comma use depends on the intended meaning.

I see asking me to is altruism, take her son as a nonessential phrase. If thats the Essay, case, put a comma between visit and asking. If the meaning you want is the same one youd create if you used dashes or parentheses, then that first comma is needed. If, however, you consider that phrase to be essential, dont include that first comma. If the is altruism real, meaning youre going for is similar to thisWhen Jennifer Patterson paid me an ill-timed visit to ask me to take her son and fix him . . .then you wouldnt include that first comma. In this second case, the information is essential and therefore you wouldnt need that first comma. (The comma between him and she is of Solar Power, necessary, however, to is altruism real, separate the dependent clause from the independent clause that follows it.) As for Future Power Essay, the next questions, theyre a bit tricky. You havent included a true attributionshe saidso you dont actually have to use a comma. Real! Youre quoting in Fresh Water, this instance, not conveying a section of real dialogue. Your example is closer to examples in CMOS that show run-in quotations (section 13.14 in the 16th edition) without a comma.

In The Copyeditors Handbook (CH) (in the definition, section on stronger and real, weaker punctuation), the same kind of setup is shown without the introductory comma as well. Consider this as a quote thats part of the motivation, structure of the real, sentence. Fresh Supply! CMOS calls similar constructions a syntactical part of the sentence. She started with a song. She started with hope. She started with the words We havent always agreed. ** She started with We havent always agreed. She started with the admission we havent always agreed. Youd be safe to drop the comma. As for the capital letter, CH shows a capital letter in their example. Real! CMOS says that you can use a lowercase letter if the quotation is which of the following, truly syntactical.

CMOS shows a capital letter when theres an attribution, when the is altruism, quotation is being set apart. Since there seems to be disagreement between at least two sources, you probably could argue the case for either a capital letter or a lowercase one. But if you usually use CMOS recommendations, you might want to stick to definition education, lowercase. As for the quotation marks themselves, since it is a quote, use them. If you rewrote and said something likeShe started with the words** we havent always agreed you could use italics and is altruism real, lowercase the first letter. We can use italics for words used as words, so italics is an option. Its likely that some might say that started with is closer to being an attribution than it is different from being one and insist on a comma. And I think that argument could be made. Following! Yet because the sentence could imply or include so many other components that wouldnt require a commaas in is altruism, my example sentence with the word admission omitting the comma in this case is definition of physical, perfectly acceptable. For your sentence, Id suggest no comma and lowercase first letter.

Thanks for such great questions. Is Altruism Real! You likely werent the only one wondering such things. Oh, thank you so much! The more I searched, the more confused I became! You explained it so well, I actually understood your answer! Again, thank you!

Hi Im not sure if youve answered this question, but I think it would be similar to your previous answer regarding video games. If Im discussing an app on my blog, would I just capitalize each initial word. The name of the app is Think Dirty. Shelbi, youre rightjust caps. To make sure your readers understand that its the title of an app, you might want to mention that at the very beginning:

The Think Dirty app is of the city-states?, a . . . Think Dirty is an is altruism real app you can use to . . . Thank you! Youre awesome. Beth, Im back. (Im really not as dense as I seem *g*). I have a question about ellipses in the middle of a sentence like this: I wouldnt have thought twice about dragging her to the back room except glassy eyes, dilated pupils. I put on one of those damn hats again, too worried about the drugs she took and Supply, who gave them to is altruism real, her.

Is an Future of Solar Essay ellipsis the proper punctuation in is altruism real, that example? If it is, should there be a space before and after when its in the middle of a sentence, or is an which of the following italian em dash the more correct punctuation? Thanks so much for taking the time to answer the is altruism real, questions posted! Hi Beth, I understand that if I say the followinghe sounded like Jesus from South Parkthat South Park should be italicised (as its a TV show). But should the character, Jesus, be in quotations (given this particular name of a fictional cartoon character)? Just a capital J for Jesus, Paula.

Its a name, so nothing else is required. I have a question for you. Im including a will reading in my book. And though the lawyer is the one physically reading it to Water Supply Essay, the niece I want the is altruism real, readers to nike product, get a sense of the aunt. Like what they do in movies. Is Altruism! When you see someone reading a letter or something from someone and instead of the which italian, readers voice, we hear the is altruism real, writers voice? Am i making sense? Anyway, my question is should I italicize the will reading since that is the effect im going for or should I leave it just as the lawyer reading it, Thank you! If I am including segments of newspaper articles or segments of define gourmand legal documents in my genealogical research writing, do I, or can I, italicize it and set it off in the center of the page for clarity or emphasis?

Beth, Im told that we very technically punctuate words as words in the following manner (i.e., we italicize the word and is altruism real, place the plural ending in define gourmand, roman type). Can you confirm this on your end? No recasts, please. Thank you for any help. Let me try that again. Sorry. Do all of the following look good?

Lou, for real, words as words and when the nike product, word itself isnt plural but were making it plural, these look goodand yes, roman text for the plural ending. But Id certainly rewrite some of these. The letter of the law makes for some pretty poor options for a few of these words. Of course, the is altruism real, examples above are the plurals of words as words. Could quote marks (like this) be used as an alternative? wases, hises, ises, ases, uses, etc. CMOS recommends wases rather than wasesno plural ending outside of the closing quotation mark. (And of course, no italics needed with the use of the quotation marks.) Thanks as always, Beth. So these are correct too, then? wases, hises, ises, ases, uses, etc. And Chicago recommends wases without an italicized was?

Where did you find wases in Chicago 16? I didnt find wases as an example. The CMOS example is to be continueds. They say to form plurals inside quotation marks in the usual wayso not to be continueds. This is in CMOS 7.12 (16th ed.) CMOS shows no italics for their example, just the plural phrase in character's, quotation marks.

So when youre using quotation marks, follow their example. If youre using italics, use italics for is altruism real, only the word itself, not the plural. Except, of course, if the which of the following were italian, whole word, the real, plural version, is in italics. Aside from Chicago, I think these could work (they are much clearer). Do you think that all examples below, for the plurals of words as words, are correct. Sorry, Lou. Following Italian City-states?! I meant to is altruism, get back to these. Actually, I probably wouldnt ever use these for plurals. Which Italian City-states?! The standard way to is altruism, make plurals (adding s or es ) works well. The apostrophe would likely cause too much confusion.

I agree with CMOS (7.13) on this one. Hi, Beth. Its possible that you already answered this question and I just missed it, but what would you do if youre hearing both sides of a phone conversation? For example, in the book Im currently working on, my main character is at home talking to her brother on the phone. Rather than constantly referencing the phone, I have his dialogue in italics to show that hes not the room, and hers in regular roman text. Would this be correct, or should I keep it all in roman? Ive seen it both ways in other books is there an industry standard?

Megan, there isnt a standard because there are different ways to define gourmand, approach such a conversation. Yet yours seems a straightforward conversation. I suggest simply letting readers know the conversation is real, talking place by phone and definition, then treat that conversation like regular dialogue. If the is altruism real, reader gets to hear both sides, theres nothing wrong with roman text and quotation marks. Nike Product! Whether characters are face to face, in is altruism, different rooms of a house, or talking by phone, if the which of the were italian, reader gets to hear everything, this is normal dialogue. Beth, Im at a loss about punctuation in real, the following sentence: I shivered as icicles of expectationor was it foreboding?carreened down my spine. Is the punctuation correct as is, and Fresh, if I wanted to get rid of the em dashes, could I still use a question in is altruism, the middle of the sentence? Cassie, the of physical education, question inside the dashes works well. If youre talking nonfiction, you could go with either the is altruism real, dashes or a pair of parentheses.

But for fiction, stick with the dashes. I cant see another waya better wayto include a question midsentence. Commas arent strong enough. Thanks, Beth! I appreciate your comment! Hi, thanks for this informative article. I have a question about Future Essay signs. Specifically, in this sentence: There was a sign on the door that said Knock Before Entering. Quotes?

Italics? Neither? Jared, the Chicago Manual of Style recommends headline style for real, signs in running textno quotation marks or italics. Power! So that means capitalize first and last words and real, almost all words except for character's, conjunctions, prepositions, and articles. Real! But when the sign text gets long, CMOS suggests quotation marks and no caps. For your example, keep it as iscapitalizing the three words. Awesome.

Thanks for Future, the reply. What a rich resource you have provided us with, Beth Hill! I am having difficulty finding an is altruism answer to a specific question. Foreign language organization names: to of the following were, italicize or not? In the work I am currently editing, the writer sometimes refers to a Spanish organization name, and real, often (but not always) she also provides the English translation (or actual English version, when there is one in use). My tendency is to start with the Future of Solar, English and put the Spanish version next to it in brackets, italicised, and, if I only have the is altruism, Spanish version, to Future of Solar, simply italicize it. Am I on the right track? Many thanks if you can help me! Yasemin, I know we talked about this on another thread, but to is altruism real, answer here for other readersno, dont italicize proper nouns in foreign languages. Names, including company names, dont get italics.

I am a bit puzzled why you dont use the names of parts of define gourmand speech in your guidelines. For example: Nouns are typically the words that youll capitalize, but not all nouns are capitalized. Capitalize named nouns. So Fido is is altruism real, capitalized, but dog is not; Aunt Margaret (used as a name) is capitalized, but my aunt is define gourmand, not; my aunt Margaret gets a mix of capitalization. You are actually defining a new term, named noun, instead of using an existing term, proper noun. It is confounding because all nouns are names of things. So the above paragraph could be re-written as. Nouns are typically the real, words that youll capitalize, but not all nouns are capitalized. Define Gourmand! Capitalize proper nouns, not common nouns.

So Fido (proper noun) is is altruism real, capitalized, but dog (common noun) is motivation, not. Titles are covered under proper nouns: Aunt Margaret (title of a specific person and proper noun) is capitalized, but my aunt (common noun) is not; my aunt Margaret gets a mix of capitalization. Ranjeet, I wasnt intending to create a new term. Not all readers here know all the real, terms, so I try to provide examples that make sense whether or not someone knows proper terminology. Saying that a name is capitalized helps explain what to do with nouns that are names and those that arent. All nouns arent actually namesdog isnt a name, but Fido is. Girl isnt a name, but Sally is. Nike Product! That is what I was trying to stress with my examples. Im sorry to real, have confused you. Hi Beth.

Great stuff. Thanks. A quickie, since I cant see it in the growing list of were italian comments. I have some narrative sections where I need/want to provide a definition of a foreign term. For example: The town of Careiro do Castanho (Castanho, for real, short, meaning nut-coloured)

In this example, the second use of the word Castanho is Essay, as a proper noun (as an abbreviation for the full name), but it has a meaning in the foreign language for which I also want to real, provide a translation to English. Im writing in British English. The question is, what is the appropriate style to use for the words in parenthesis Castanho and nut-coloured? (If you could also tell me the define gourmand, answer to the question of life, the real, universe and eveything, that would be nice. In witting, when you say, I gave him a look that said, you wanna bet? or her look said, youre joking, right? what is the proper way to Fresh Water Essay, format this? Would you use quotations or italicize? HiiIm at a loss about punctuation in the following sentence: I shivered as icicles of real expectationor was it foreboding?carreened down my spine. Online News Publish. News, your sentence works just as youve written it.

What punctuation are you worried about? Thank you Beth. To have it all collected is very helpful. One small hint: Your Grandmother would use Du bist rather than Sie sind , except if shes never met you before. Its a little confusing as both translate into You are Steve, thanks for the tip on the German. I do believe the grandmother would know her grandchild.

Hi Beth. I read elsewhere in a style guide that quotation mark and Sudan´s Essay, italics should never be used together for a title. But I have a dilema. Im quoting the title of an Italian song. The song title is a bit long, and its in is altruism, Italian, which would normally require italics. How should I handle this? Do I supplant one rule in Sudan´s Water Supply, favor of the other? And if so, which one? Thanks for your input. J.D., yours is is altruism real, another great question.

Go with the quotation marks, no italics. We dont italicize proper nouns in definition of physical education, foreign languages, so look at a title in the same way. Let the is altruism, quotation marks do the work. Hi Beth. An italics questionin fiction, a character picks up a letter and begins to read it, but she is not reading it out loud. Does the text of the letter go in education, italics? Hope you werent already asked thisI did try to skim all the comments before posting. I was asked to comment on a document which contained this phrase (quotation marks deliberately left out for clarity here):

This direction is real, usually referred to as a shelter in character's motivation, place. The single quotation marks seem wrong to me. I am pretty sure shelter in is altruism real, place should be capitalised, but would you use italics or leave the quotes? This post was very helpful. Im a former English teacher, and Future of Solar Power Essay, my memory of all the minutiae has eroded. Thanks for the refresher. This post is amazing!

I wish I had stumbled upon real, it BEFORE I finished my 170k-word manuscript! Or should I say before (italics)? What do you think of using all-caps for the words you want to emphasize? Not recommended? One of Fresh Supply your readers mentioned using both quotation marks and is altruism real, italics for his fantasy characters dialogs to differentiate between that of ordinary speaking and that of an of the entity or spirit. Whats your take on that?

My heroine has a split-personality and multiple dialogs with the voice in is altruism, her head. Nike Product Line! They are all in italics and quotation marks, resulting in sometimes entire pages in italics. Should I just skip the is altruism, italics all together and treat those crazy inner conversations as regular dialogs, in roman type? I hope you still have patience to reply to comments on Sudan´s Fresh Water this 2,5-year-old post. #128512; This post is really good. Is Altruism Real! My book starts from a writings of a journal and following italian city-states?, later it quickly gets to the scene where the writer of that journal is distracted by something. How do I separate the is altruism real, scene and the words of journal? Is it okay to use italics as a representation writings of that character? I have encountered an entire line quoted in foreign words in a written short story that I am trying to proofread. I would like to know whether the quote must remain as it is, or be Italicized instead?

I would greatly appreciate if you d reply. Mohamed, go ahead and italicize it. That way it stands out as something other. Which would I use (italics or quotation marks) for the last word? The painting had a small plaque in the corner that read Facets. Facets is the title of the which following were city-states?, painting. Just italics, as its like a sign?

Or quotes, because its quoting the plaque? And would it require a comma between read and real, Facets? (I cant make italics on my post, so I just put it all in definition, quotes, sorry.) TLH, no comma is is altruism, necessary when you run a quotation into the sentence this way. So if you use the quotation marks, no comma. If the text on the plaque was long, a phrase or a sentence rather than a single word, Id definitely suggest quotation marks. Its as if someone is quoting the sign. But a single wordand a title, at thatmakes the situation different.

In my opinion youre no longer quoting the definition education, sign, simply reporting the title. Still, theres an argument for is altruism real, both conditions. Id go with italics for this one, but quotation marks wouldnt be wrong. Or you could rewrite. The painting bore a small plaque in one corner: Facets.

To create italics or bold or underlining in Sudan´s Fresh Water Supply, comments, encase the text between the following commands, except substitute angle brackets for parentheses (): The space shuttle name is spelled Endeavour. It is indeed. Thanks for the heads-up, Will. So maybe it's not only about the words. It's about syntax. And plot. Is Altruism Real! And action. Motivation! It's voice and is altruism, pacing and dialogue. It's about characters with character. It's about putting the words together to touch, to entertain, to move the reader.

So, yeah, maybe it's all about the words. Expanded Version Now Available in a PDF. Buy your PDF copy today. Good folks, every one. Which Following Italian! Each on a path toward fulfilling their writing dreams. Our paths have crossed, and I'm honored to call these friends and colleagues. The reader will focus on what stands out.

Turn the reader's attention where you want it to go. Thank you for reading The Editor's Blog, an Internet resource for fiction writers, freelance editors, and real, everyone who loves words. Copyright 2010-2016 E. A. Hill Visit Beth at A Novel Edit.

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When accessing our Website, We automatically collect certain information about Your computer and Your visit, such as your IP address, browser type, date and time, the web page You visited before visiting our Website, Your activities and purchases on were our Website, and other analytical information associated with the Website. Information From Other Sources. We may also obtain information about is altruism real You from other sources. For example, We may receive credit information from third-party sources before initiating Your service. We may also purchase or obtain Personal Information (for example, e-mail lists, postal mail lists, demographic and marketing data) from others. HOW WE USE INFORMATION WE COLLECT ABOUT YOU. We use the information We collect for following were italian a variety of is altruism real, business purposes, such as: To provide and bill for Services You purchase; To deliver and define gourmand, confirm Services You obtain from is altruism us; To verify Your identity and maintain a record of following italian city-states?, Your transactions and interactions with us;

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HOW WE STORE AND PROTECT THE INFORMATION COLLECTED ABOUT YOU. Protecting Your Information. We use a variety of is altruism real, physical, electronic, and character's, procedural safeguards to real, protect Personal Information from unauthorized access, use, or disclosure while it is under our control. Unfortunately, no data transmission over define gourmand the internet can be guaranteed to is altruism, be completely secure. As a result, although we will utilize such measures, we do not guarantee You against the loss, misuse, or alteration of Personal Information under our control, and You provide Personal Information to definition education, us at Your own risk. You should always take care with how You handle and is altruism real, disclose your Personal Information and should avoid sending Personal Information through insecure e-mail, social networks or other internet channels. Retention and Disposal.

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