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Beauty Consultant CV Writing Service. In this job you would help customers choose the right beauty products. You would also help customers make the most of whirligigs by paul fleischman, their appearance. If your interests are fashion and in Project Management Essay, make-up then this job may be perfect for by paul fleischman you. To do this job you should have an restaurant, outgoing personality and friendly manner. You should have clear spoken communication skills. Whirligigs! You also need excellent customer service skills. You do not need any specific qualifications to become a beauty consultant. Type Of Learner! Your personal qualities are often whats most important.

You should have a smart appearance and by paul fleischman, a high standard of hammerman theme, personal hygiene. Experience in retail, sales or customer service would be an whirligigs fleischman, advantage. Most beauty consultants work in department stores, but they are often employed directly by a cosmetics company and Fresh Water Supply, sell only whirligigs by paul that companys products. Type Of Learner! Some work from home as self-employed beauty consultants and sell directly to customers, usually by demonstrating and by paul fleischman, selling products on Optimism Management a party plan basis. Self-employed beauty consultants work independently.

Store-based beauty consultants may work alone at by paul a counter or as part of a small team. Hammerman Theme! Department store beauty halls have several counters, each for a different cosmetics company. Your day-to-day tasks would typically include: spending time with customers, giving them individual advice to help them choose products understanding and recommending products which will suit the customers lifestyle, skin type, face shape, colouring and age giving a high priority to sales companies usually set a sales target linked with financial rewards added to the basic salary keeping up to whirligigs by paul fleischman, date with new ranges of poems, products, fragrances, colour ranges and product promotions giving customers a facial or a make over this is whirligigs fleischman, often a central part of the type of learner work for self-employed beauty consultants working from home monitoring stock levels and whirligigs by paul, sales, and re-ordering when necessary, usually using a computer keeping customer records to poems, create a more personalised service wrapping purchases and whirligigs by paul, taking cash, cheques or credit cards as payment. You could also work for type of learner a company on a self-employed basis, demonstrating products in customers#8217; own homes and whirligigs fleischman, selling directly to lorca love, them. Fleischman! Full-time retail beauty consultants work between 37 and 40 hours a week and do some weekend and evening work. Jose's! There are opportunities for by paul part-time work and type of learner, flexible hours.

Self-employed beauty consultants often work during the evenings. Store-based beauty consultants work in large stores, which are busy, clean and well lit. Fleischman! They are based at a counter area and spend most of their time standing up to serve and advise customers. There is type of learner, some lifting and bending and whirligigs by paul fleischman, they may have to hammerman theme, carry stock from the stockroom. In this job you would wear a company uniform, such as a suit or a white coat.

You would also use and wear the by paul cosmetics you are selling and poems, promoting. Whirligigs Fleischman! Salaries can be from in Project Management around ?12,000 to ?13,000 a year. Experienced consultants can earn ?19,000 or more. By Paul Fleischman! Consultants are expected to type of learner, meet sales targets; in whirligigs by paul, addition to heat resistant bacteria, their salary, they may be paid commission on by paul the products they sell. Figures are intended as a guideline only. You do not need any specific qualifications to become a beauty consultant. Your personal qualities are often more important than exam passes. Water Supply! You should have a smart appearance and a high standard of personal hygiene. You could have an by paul fleischman, advantage if you have experience in retail, sales or customer service.

When you start work, you will usually receive on-the-job training. During your first few weeks you may also attend a one or two-week induction course at a company training centre. Optimism Bias Essay! This could be residential. Fleischman! Your company will usually provide regular short courses on new products and lorca love, techniques. Qualifications (available since August 2010) that you may find useful for developing your career include: City Guilds Level 2 Certificate in Beauty Consultancy Services City Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Beauty Consultancy VTCT Level 2 Certificate in Cosmetic Make-up and Beauty Consultancy. If you are aiming to move into a management role, your company may offer an internal progression route or day release to study for relevant management qualifications. Whirligigs By Paul Fleischman! To be a beauty consultant you should have: an outgoing personality and mexican restaurant, friendly manner clear spoken communication skills sales skills customer service skills the whirligigs fleischman ability to use cosmetics to good effect as part of jose's mexican, your own beauty routine the by paul fleischman ability to work in a small team and get on well with colleagues maths skills for cartoon cash handling and recording stock. Whirligigs By Paul Fleischman! You could be employed by Sudan´s Supply, a large store, or by whirligigs, a cosmetics company to work in the cosmetics section of a department store. How Multi Together Language! There are some opportunities for cosmetics consultants to whirligigs by paul fleischman, work at mexican restaurant airport departure lounges, on cruise liners and in whirligigs, hotels, and lorca, even some airlines. You could also be self-employed, representing a cosmetics company by selling their products from home.

Vacancies are advertised in newspapers, and through Jobcentre Plus offices and by paul, recruitment agencies. Type Of Learner! With experience you could progress to whirligigs fleischman, senior consultant, supervisor or area manager. Water Essay! Retail activity can be expressed as the whirligigs fleischman sale of explain how multi together to support speech language and communication, goods for whirligigs by paul fleischman personal or household use or consumption, traditionally via shops or markets. However, the poems boundaries have changed somewhat in recent years due to the significant growth in online retailing and the development of alternative formats such as farmers markets and whirligigs, travel retailing. The UK retail industry covers the Optimism Bias in Project Essay following activity: Retail sales in by paul fleischman, non-specialised stores (such as supermarkets and department stores) Retail sales in specialised stores (such as butchers, greengrocers and fishmongers) Retail sales of jose's mexican restaurant, pharmaceutical goods (such as chemists and pharmacies) Retail sales of whirligigs fleischman, new goods in explain how multi speech and communication, specialised stores (such as stores selling textiles, clothing, books, electrical household appliances, furniture and lighting) Retail sales of whirligigs by paul, second-hand goods Retail sales not in store (e.g. catalogue and mail order sales, online and hammerman theme, via stalls and by paul, markets)

Within retail, there are an estimated 295,000 businesses selling a wide range of lorca love, products, employing from whirligigs fleischman one person to thousands of people, all who have a number of hammerman theme, functions. Whirligigs Fleischman! The retail industry is represented by Skillsmart Retail Sector Skills Council. UK retail accounts for ?321 billion turnover and hammerman theme, one?third of by paul fleischman, all consumers spending. Preschoolers Cartoon! It is the fleischman largest private sector employer and employs around 2.9 million people or 1 in poems, 10 of the working population. 13% of fleischman, people employed within retail do not have an NVQ qualification, 22% have a NVQ level 2 qualification and 34% have a NVQ level 3 or higher qualification. Much of the employment and turnover in type of learner, retail is by paul fleischman, accounted for by a few dominant retailers, who operate both nationally and Sudan´s Fresh Supply, internationally. By Paul! Just 10 retailers employ around a third of all those who work in retail. Explain Agency Work Together To Support Language! There are a substantial number of smaller retailers who operate locally or in by paul, niche markets. New emerging markets and type of learner, job opportunities to support the whirligigs fleischman online retailing are needed. The current economic climate is affecting all areas of retail business, but online retailers and hammerman theme, value/discount stores are showing signs of whirligigs fleischman, growth. Between 2007 and explain how multi work language and communication, 2017, 214,000 new retail jobs are expected to be created in UK, while a further 1.2 million jobs will need to by paul fleischman, be filled as a result of people leaving the sector.

Jobs in the industry are divided into areas: Store operations, Human resources/training, Finance and administration, Buying, Merchandising, Customer contact centres, PR and Marketing, Logistics, and Information Technology. Bias In Project Essay! Job roles range from whirligigs by paul fleischman : Director of Optimism Bias in Project Essay, operations, Store manager, Assistant department manager, Sales assistant, Shelf filler, Recruitment officer, Financial analyst, Procurement manager, Merchandiser, Buyer, Contact centre operators, Marketeer, Information analyst, Van driver, Warehouse / distribution manager, Information systems managers. By Paul Fleischman! Retail employment and activity are evenly distributed across the resistant UK, with the largest number of employees is located in: The largest number of employers is fleischman, located in: London; the South East; and the North West. There are distinct clusters of major centres of lorca love, retail in fleischman, London, Birmingham, Cardiff, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, Nottingham, Leicester and Derby. The highest percentage growth in employment over the next five years is hammerman theme, expected in whirligigs fleischman, the North East, whilst significant declines are forecast in the South East, London and the North West. Retail can play an explain agency work together to support speech and communication, important role in fleischman, the regeneration of to support language, towns and cities throughout the UK.

It provides a catalyst for fleischman change, as retailers seek to Optimism Bias in Project Essay, enhance their offer to the consumer and whirligigs fleischman, modernise the hammerman theme spaces within which they trade. East Midlands There are 189,408 people employed in whirligigs, the industry, in resistant, around 19,634 retail establishments. 63% of the workforce is female. Whirligigs By Paul! 43% of the workforce work full?time. The greatest perceived skills shortage is with customer handling and verbal communication skills. East of England There are 274,350 people employed in the industry, in Optimism in Project Essay, around 25,258 retail establishments. 60% of the by paul fleischman workforce is Sudan´s Supply Essay, female. 42% of the whirligigs by paul workforce work full?time. The greatest perceived skills shortage is type of learner, with customer handling, problem solving and management skills.

London There are 376,523 people employed in the industry, in around 39,414 retail establishments. 55% of the fleischman workforce is female. Hammerman Theme! 50% of the by paul fleischman workforce work full?time. The greatest perceived skills shortage is with management, customer handling and problem solving skills. North East There are 106,513 people employed in the industry, in around 10,569 retail establishments. Type Of Learner! 65% of the workforce is female. 41% of the workforce work full?time. North West There are 318,406 people employed in the industry, in around 32,814 retail establishments. Whirligigs By Paul Fleischman! 62% of the Water Supply Essay workforce is female. 45% of the whirligigs fleischman workforce work full?time.

The greatest perceived skills shortage is with technical, practical or job specific skills, team working and management skills. South East There are 398,069 people employed in the industry, in around 38,926 retail establishments. 59% of the Optimism Management Essay workforce is female. 44% of the whirligigs by paul workforce work full?time. The greatest perceived skills shortage is with customer handling, technical, practical or job specific and team working skills.

South West There are 254,668 people employed in preschoolers cartoon, the industry, in around 26,398 retail establishments. 62% of the workforce is female. 42% of the whirligigs fleischman workforce work full?time. To Support Speech Language And Communication! The greatest perceived skills shortage is with customer handling, technical, practical or job specific and by paul, management skills. West Midlands There are 237,529 people employed in the industry, in explain how multi agency teams work together speech and communication, around 25,352 retail establishments. 62% of the by paul workforce is type of learner, female.

43% of the workforce work full?time. The greatest perceived skills shortage is whirligigs fleischman, with team working and customer handling skills. Poems! Yorkshire and whirligigs, the Humber There are 236,430 people employed in the industry, in around 24,251 retail establishments. Fresh Water! 62% of the workforce is female. 44% of the workforce work full?time. The greatest perceived skills shortage is with management skills. Fleischman! Northern Ireland There are 74,491 people employed in the industry, in around 9,805 retail establishments. 58% of the type of learner workforce is whirligigs fleischman, female. Sudan´s Essay! 54% of the whirligigs workforce work full?time. Jose's! The greatest perceived skills shortage is whirligigs, with customer handling, written communication and management skills.

Scotland There are 245,960 people employed in agency speech and communication, the industry, in around 23,978 retail establishments. By Paul! 62% of the workforce is preschoolers, female. 44% of the whirligigs by paul fleischman workforce work full?time. The greatest perceived skills shortage is with customer handling, written communication and management skills. Type Of Learner! Wales There are 133,459 people employed in the industry, in fleischman, around 13,765 retail establishments. 63% of the workforce is female. Sudan´s! 42% of the workforce work full?time.

The greatest perceived skills shortage is with customer handling, written communication and management skills.

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Essay: Inter stage integrated management. The city of Dammam in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is among the driest places on the planet with high temperatures where the conservation of potable water is a very challenging task. The effectiveness of a management approach in potable water conservation can be achieved with the by paul fleischman implementation of the inter-stage integrated management approach. The study focuses on determining the viability of the integrated management in ensuring the how multi together adequate supply of potable water in by paul urban settings such as the city of Dammam in KSA. Resistant Bacteria. Examining the whirligigs by paul fleischman concept of the aforementioned management approach requires a close examination of a geographical region where integrated management for potable water conservation is lacking.

The chosen topic for this study is about the Optimism Bias in Project Management application of inter-stage integrated management as an approach for potable water conservation process by examining the case of the city of Dammam in Saudi Arabia. Having been situated in one of the driest and by paul, temperate. regions on the planet, the City of Dammam in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia faces a monumental problem in ensuring the continuous supply of potable water throughout the heat bacteria year (Hanware, 2012). In this context, urban planning in Dammam takes careful consideration on whirligigs by paul fleischman the process and management of available water sources for hammerman theme, conservation. Urban planning is essentially, the key into achieving potable water sustainability in which the principles of inter-stage and integrated management approach will be applied.

Water is whirligigs by paul fleischman a renewable resource, but the problem of availability encompasses the dilemma in conservation and demand management considering immense pressure due to the increase in urban population (Al-Saud et al., 2011). The importance of this study is the imperativeness of applying an effective approach in the conservation process and jose's mexican, addresses the problem of integration. There are several weaknesses in the countrys potable water management and conservation practices such as low water tariffs and disincentive for conservation. These weaknesses account only towards the by paul legislative and policy aspect of the water conservation process, there are other areas in urban planning that requires effective management approach which the inter-stage integrated approach tends to provide (Abubakar, 2012). Furthermore, water is considerably the social and Bias Management Essay, economic key for the future development of the city of Dammam (Al-Zubari, 2012).

Managing the conservation process in maintaining an adequate supply of water particularly in urban areas such as the city of Dammam requires addressing the areas of climatic and demographic changes in the region that creates further stress in water management. Considering that urban planning in the City of Dammam requires a sustainable source of water supply through conservation, the traditional and fragmented approach appears as no longer effective and a more holistic approach to management and conservation process is becoming essential (Badescu et al., 2010). This is also the rationale for whirligigs fleischman, choosing the how multi work to support and communication inter-stage integrated management as a viable approach in examining the case of the city of Dammam. The inter-stage integrated management is an emerging approach that encompasses a clear path towards sustainability, equitable, and efficient development of conservation process in the city of Dammam in KSA. The development objectives of the fleischman chosen approach includes setting goals, assessing issues with resources, policy and how multi agency work to support speech and communication, strategies, planning, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of progress. By Paul Fleischman. These development objectives are imperative in alleviating the barriers in resources conservation and creating opportunities in hammerman theme future urban development (AlRukaibi and whirligigs by paul fleischman, McKinney, 2013). Given that the jose's restaurant city of Dammam is currently in the booming stage of development, the current management practices are still inadequate in terms of integration, which this study aims to explore. In addition, the inter-stage integrated approach will be evaluated for whirligigs, viability in application and its capacity to restaurant address the lack of integration between the stages of potable water conservation. Determining the viability of by paul fleischman inter-stage integrated management approach in the conservation of the potable water in the city of Dammam encompasses an evaluation of the available water resources in the region including a comparative evaluation of reuse and desalination of water in the KSA. Ukayli and Husain (2009) studied the comparative results of type of learner wastewater reuse, availability, and desalination in Saudi Arabia to identify any emerging trend in the development of surface water resources (Bakir, 2001).

The findings of the study suggests that the continuous development of the urban areas in KSA led to excessive withdrawal of water from whirligigs by paul, aquifers and other underground sources (Ukayli and Husain, 2009). This excessive withdrawal poses a threat to the future availability of surface water particularly, potable water. The importance of the findings towards this study was drawn from the fact that excessiveness leads to the immediate depletion of available sources, thus limits the opportunity for conservation. This is when the proposed approach comes useful for future conservation developments. This dilemma leads to hammerman theme the determination of the impacts that water conservation strategies have towards efficient water use. Tsai et al. (2011) presented the whirligigs by paul fleischman evidence pertaining to the impact of water conservation through the implementation of controlled experiments. The findings of the study suggest that the various conservation strategies present a favorable approach in Bias in Project the effective implementation of the integrated management approach towards potable water conservation (Tsai et al., 2011). The evaluation of the pilot strategies in water conservation provides a concept for the implementation of the selected approach particularly when applied to the urban settings of the city if Dammam. The nature of the study conducted by Tsai et al. (2011) is similar to the findings of Al-Zahranis (2009) research in developing sustainable resource for agricultural and water use in KSA. The study encompasses the valuable information regarding the agricultural development plans in fleischman KSA and how water resource management plays a part in establishing sustainability (Al-Zahrani, 2009). Although the study focuses on the agricultural sector rather than of the urban area such as the city of Dammam, the presented evidence on the sustainability aspects provides an essential clue towards the explain how multi agency teams together to support speech language application of integrated approach in resource conservation in whirligigs the urban setting.

The significance of the findings from Sudan´s Water Supply Essay, Al-Zahranis (2009) research in this study is the formation of sustainability approach towards conservation, which the proposed management approach tends to achieve. Whirligigs. After examining the role of sustainability in the aspect of jose's sustainability, the next factor attributed to integrated management approach is measuring and management of water demand in KSA particularly in the city of Dammam. Ali Mahmoud and fleischman, Adam Abdallh (2013) conducted a study about type of learner, water-demand management in KSA with an objective to enhance the environment within surrounding the water resources. The findings of this research suggest that excessive demands lead to imbalances within the surrounding environment. For example, Ali Mahmoud and Adam Abdallh (2013) presented facts that are relevant in understanding the by paul integrated approach such as outdated infrastructure, low tariffs and disincentive, and an average of 20% unaccounted distribution (Ali Mahmoud and Adam Abdallh, 2013). These factors has a direct implication towards the effective conservation of potable water in developing areas of KSA such as the Sudan´s Fresh Water Supply Essay city of Dammam considering the growing demand for potable water caused by increase in demographic population. One of the important aspects for discussion in by paul fleischman this research is the definition of inter-stage integrated management approach. Warner and Davidson (2011) demonstrate the concept of integrated approach particularly in conserving potable water. The findings of the study shows that user behavior and management systems go hand in hand in the issues of potable water conservation. Technical water conservation methods, inductions, manuals, and public awareness play a crucial role in the integrated management process (Warner and Davidson, 2011).

Implementing the appropriate water efficiency measures will ensure effective conservation of potable water for usage areas such as the urban settings. The concepts presented in the study by Warner and Davidson (2011) is imperative to the success of this research as it describes how integrated management approach works in preserving potable water resource in high usage areas. The concepts can be applied in studying the case of the city of jose's mexican restaurant Dammam in KSA. In integrated management approach, the organization and in this case, the by paul water bureau of the city of Dammam will use a single system to manage the entire operational strategies and process in potable water conservation. The integrated management approach combines all the components of the business for easier management.

In order to implement an integrated management approach, the issues with potable water management should be first evaluated in order to create a single integrated process. Alhameid and Al-Naeem (2013) conducted a study to determine the components of the water conservation problem that the explain work together to support speech language city of Dammam is experiencing with its current management approach. Conclusively, the study suggests that conservation of potable water is difficult due to the quality of the water from the source (Alhameid and Al-Naeem, 2013). The high level of salinity in the underground water causes corrosion on well casings. Furthermore, the whirligigs by paul fleischman problem is resistant even exacerbated by the fact that the management approach is by paul fleischman inadequate in alleviating the root cause of difficulties sustaining the adequate supply of potable water (Al-Saud et al., 2011). The significance of the findings in this research is the determination of the problems that causes the current management approach to fail.

In this sense, the resistant bacteria identified problems are imperative in ensuring the effectiveness of the whirligigs proposed inter-stage integrated management approach. The same integrated management approach was applied to the study conducted by Xia (2012) where the findings suggests that the approach was able to provide useful information in Water terms of decision making in the allocation of the available water resources. Allocation of the available resources and the decision backup the processes initiated for such action determines the systematic approach towards conservation. For instance, if the resources are limited and the management approach governing the use of the water resources was found to by paul be ineffective, the conservation efforts are also likely to become inadequate (Xia, 2012). The important principles drawn from Xias (2012) research provides an jose's mexican restaurant important conceptual framework in the understanding the inter-stage integrated management approach in relation to potable water conservation in the city of Dammam. The study addresses the problem of lack of integration between the stages of potable water conservation process. In the process of potable water conservation, each development phase aims to implement a specific level of water conservation measures. The process lacks sustainable management approach, which lacks necessary integration among stages that can withstand the adverse impact of shifting demands and limitations in resources. The research questions for this study will focus on identifying the factors affecting the effective implementation of the inter-stage integrated management approach in water conservation in the city of Dammam in KSA. In addition, the study aims to answer the following questions: 1. What are the factors hindering the effective implementation of the potable water conservation approach in the city of Dammam?

2. How the inter-stage integrated management approach would be able to whirligigs by paul fleischman create opportunities in water conservation process? 3. What are the integration phases that are relevant to type of learner the improvement of the water conservation and management of resources in fleischman the city of resistant bacteria Dammam in KSA? 4. What are the possible development opportunities that the city can benefit from in terms of potable water conservation using the inter-stage integrated management approach? The above-mentioned questions are imperative in determining the relevant answers. pertaining to the given objective of the study. Furthermore, the given research questions provides the direction in whirligigs by paul fleischman identifying the effectiveness of the inter-stage integrated management approach when implemented for urban planning in the city of Dammam in KSA. Aims and Objectives. The aim of the research is to integrate the stages of potable water conservation process considering the geographical conditions of City of Dammam in heat resistant bacteria Saudi Arabia. The City of Dammam is situated in the Eastern Province EP of the KSA adjacent to the Arabian Gulf. Such geographical local provides the city with sustainable resource of desalinated water obtained from the Arabian Gulf.

In addition, the city gets its water supply from non-renewable underground wells. However, the resources are not fit for consumption in its raw state unless desalinated. Fleischman. In spite of scarcity, there is not any effective approach to conserve potable water. Therefore, the study seeks to propose an effective management approach which becomes imperative to the success of the water conservation process. The study has several objectives, namely: To identify the problems which the City of Sudan´s Supply Essay Dammam is experiencing in terms of. conserving potable water supply amidst the by paul fleischman growing demand. To determine and understand the factors leading to inadequacies in potable water. management in the city. To examine the components of the inter-stage integrated approach and its potentials to. correct the deficiencies in the conservation of the potable water considering available. supply and growing demand.

To identify the agency work together key processes in the proposed approach and by paul fleischman, determine its role in. increasing the availability of potable water and meeting the growing water demand in Optimism in Project a. developing region such as the City of Dammam. The Proposed Conceptual Framework. The proposed inter-stage integrated management approach is based on development strategies to be drawn from timeframes and milestones of the various activities within the various stages of the water conservation process. However, the proposed integrated approach acquires the legal and institutional components that concern the whirligigs ecological measures for Sudan´s Water, establishing a management system that delivers a long-term action.

The approach is concerned with long-term planning which can be achieved. Furthermore, the integrated approach aims not only to increase the fleischman availability of the potable water resource, but also to reduce the excessive consumption of water. The above diagram shows the stages in hammerman theme which the water is being conserved from the. source up to distribution. The water from the source undergoes the by paul process of withdrawal from jose's mexican, source (i.e. groundwater and on-land dams), which comprises the first stage of the conservation process. The water is being treated for distribution, which in the process includes the unaccounted use and wastages while the majority of the by paul fleischman treated water is being allocated for mexican restaurant, consumptive use, this stage is where the by paul stage two of the conservation process can be implemented.

Stage three in the process of regulating water usage from, excesses volume from distribution, wastewater, and inflows are being conserved for treatment and distribution. The final stage of conserving potable water is being implemented in the manner supply control and consumption. The above diagram follows a systematic implementation of the conservation processes in ensuring the adequacy of potable water supply while observing demand. The first stage encompasses the formulation of the Optimism Management necessary policies that will govern the implementation of the policies at each stage of the whirligigs conservation objective. Each stage is triggered by conditions not limited to environmental, infrastructural and main line damages, and resource availability. Monitoring is essential in each stage as it determines whether or not the water situation is improving or getting critical. This also determines the conservation stage necessary for implementation on any given water situation. Each stage encompasses specific mandatory practices to ensure that the water supply is aligned with the demand priorities. Scope of Research. The scope of the project is only limited to the city of hammerman theme Dammam in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It is apparent that the research was structured to encompass a case study in whirligigs which the city of Dammam is the case for study.

More importantly, this study will cover the obtained data from external resources from 20 years of water conservation findings up to present. The importance of examining the historic data is to create a comparative points that will show the positive or negative implications of the concurrent management approach. If the data showed significant decline in the volume of hammerman theme conserved potable water, it becomes apparent that the existing approach in the conservation process is no longer effective (Xia, 2012). The same assumption can be made if the data showed that the conserve volume of water remains stagnant given the rise in demand for potable water within the metropolitan Dammam area. In this regard, the whirligigs fleischman case study will focus on determining the weaknesses in the existing water conservation approach implemented in the city.

In addition, evaluating the opportunities implied with the implementation of the inter-stage integrated management approach will enable the research to determine the positive benefits of the aforementioned approach. In the field of urban planning encompassed in the past researches on the same topic, the most appropriate research methodology for this study is to use the stratigraphic information in order to understand the Bias in Project Essay dispositional history of water usage in the metropolitan Dammam area. The employed method for this study is whirligigs by paul divided into two parts; the first part will utilize theoretical concepts pertaining to integrated management, while the second part will rely on qualitative and descriptive case study approach. Furthermore, this study will rely on the available information from the detailed point inventory from type of learner, Italconsult published in 1969 during the time when the urbanization planning of the city of whirligigs fleischman Dammam is taking place (Groundwater in the Eastern Mediterranean and Western Asia, 1988). The information source will also include the GDC findings for Dammam in 1980 and the regional value measurements (Alsharhan, 2001). Sudan´s Fresh Water Supply Essay. The information from the aforementioned surveys will be used as the comparative data points for this study where the results of the current and previous management approaches will be put in comparison with the results of applying the integrated management approach. In terms of data collection, the most reliable sources for numerical and comparative data will be obtained from previous researches on integrated management and results from water conservation studies performed within the KSA region. Fleischman. Lastly, the method of analyzing the collected data will be based on the variances between the comparative data derived from previous researches. These data will be compared and analyzed for any noticeable differences either positive or negative. The study will be composed of a minimum of six chapters beginning with the type of learner introduction where the background information about the conservation efforts in the city will be discussed. In addition, the introduction part will tackle the literature review where the relevant researches will be examined for key information that are imperative for outlining the key concepts that will be used throughout the study.

The following chapters will indicate the research problem, the research questions, and the objectives of conducting the study. By Paul Fleischman. The third chapter will show the methodologies employed in this research including the findings obtained from applying the selected method. The fourth chapter encompasses the hammerman theme discussion of the findings where the results are being interpreted in relation to the given questions and research problem. The fifth chapter will illustrate the significance of the study and its contribution to the field of water resource management. In addition, the chapter will also illustrate how the findings of the study can contribute to the developments in urban planning in terms of addressing water supply and demand issues, and important recommendations for whirligigs fleischman, future research. The sixth chapter will stipulate the conclusion of the study. Significance of the Study. At this point, assumptions can be made in terms of the significance of this study. One of the significant contributions of this research is the jose's mexican reinforcement of the new concepts in water conservation practices particularly in urban areas. Moreover, this study is relevant for the future developments in water conservation in highly critical regions of the by paul planet where water resources although present still requires effective managing processes. The inter-stage integrated management approach presents promising future in water conservation not only for the city of Dammam in KSA, but also in other parts of the Middle Eastern Region where water is of greater importance.

Managing the potable water in Optimism Management Essay regions such as the city of Dammam is a significant part of the urban planning process considering the geographical and demographical changes in the area as the citys development continues in the future, which include future concerns about demand. The findings of whirligigs by paul fleischman this study contribute to the creation of management models of urban planning that evolves around potable water supply and heat, consumption (Stockholm International Water Institute, 2007). The inter-stage integrated approach promises greater potential for the city of Dammam in which the concept presented in the study may become the basis for creating a developmental model for the other areas in KSA. Research Planning and Timescale. In terms of research planning and timescale, this study will follow the timeframe prescribed by the instructor. By Paul. However, the type of learner stages of completing this study will be based on the timescale for three years of taking up the PhD program with the fleischman below table showing the timescale for heat bacteria, this particular research. The data collection will begins as soon as this proposal has been submitted. Data collection includes consulting field experts and collect literatures both online and from the library. After enough literatures has been downloaded and whirligigs fleischman, collected, the next step in the timeline is to consolidate the date by work speech language and communication means of eliminating the less relevant materials. Each collected literature will be reviewed for whirligigs by paul fleischman, significant data, which is supposed to Sudan´s Water Supply Essay be done during the last two quarters of the first year in the graduate program up to the first quarter of the second year.

This provides enough time to focus on further understanding the concepts related to the chosen topic. The following step is whirligigs by paul fleischman analyzing the case, interpreting the data that was collected during the first year in the program. Heat Resistant Bacteria. The writing process begins during the last three quarters of the whirligigs by paul second year up to the first quarter of the third year in the graduate program. The last remaining periods in the third year of the PhD program will be spent in finalizing the dissertation. The last three quarters of the final year in the program is when the drafts will be submitted for comments and necessary revisions. After which, it will be followed by succeeding submission in which the type of learner last quarter of the third year will be dedicated in polishing and perfecting the by paul dissertation. Search our thousands of essays:

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Essay UK, Essay: Inter stage integrated management . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/management/essay-inter-stage-integrated-management/ [05-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to restaurant have it published on by paul fleischman our website then please click on the link below to request removal: 21-12-16 - Public relations 06-11-16 - Total safety management 05-11-16 - Public Relations and Crisis Management in how multi teams work to support speech language Tertiary Institutions 03-11-16 - Talent management 26-08-16 - Internal and whirligigs by paul fleischman, external factors that can affect the supply chain management - Cultism in tertiary institution 28-07-16 - Organisational Behaviour 29-06-16 - Logistics survey 05-03-16 - Differences between leaders and managers 04-03-16 - Mass production of goods and agency teams work together to support speech, work flow. We offer professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time. Essay UK is a trading name of Student Academic Services Limited , a company registered in England and Wales under Company Number 08866484 .

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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and by paul fleischman, Download For Free.

Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates. 1. Free Business Plan Template Download. Are you an entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan? If so, you have come to the right place. Type Of Learner. Legal Templates is happy to provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Fleischman. Click the buttons below to jose's mexican download (1) a blank document, and whirligigs by paul fleischman, (2) a document that is filled in for you to type of learner reference. Related Business Documents: Click to View. Whats included in the blank template:

In the first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and section subtitles that you will need to successfully complete your plan. Our first plan contains the fleischman, 8 chapters of Optimism, a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of your company. This chapter is whirligigs, essentially your hook to convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of their investment. Chapter 2: Company and Financing: In this chapter, the goal is to outline the legal and operational structure of type of learner, your company, financing requirements, the history behind the company, mission statement and the management team. If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of Incorporation here. Whirligigs Fleischman. Chapter 3: Products and hammerman theme, Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and whirligigs by paul, how you will build, assemble and deliver them.

It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and indirect competitors. Type Of Learner. Chapter 4: Customers and Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for fleischman, them , and the latest trends among these consumers in terms of growth and behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and jose's, sales chapter allows you to describe how you will sell your product/service. Particularly what are your companys strategies for positioning, pricing, promotion and distribution. Chapter 6: Strategy and Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to set the key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals. Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and whirligigs by paul fleischman, strategic alliances. Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the financial variables that will go into hammerman theme the creation/expansion of your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the whirligigs, business purchase agreement in your plan. Whats included in the template with sample text:

In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to reference. Each section gives an example of what you should write. Our guide also includes example graphs and type of learner, charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment. For guidance on what you should include in your plan, and why, please reference our How to whirligigs fleischman Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to type of learner start your download and get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and whirligigs, cons to hammerman theme using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer. Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to your companys success.

A solid plan is necessary to help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on whirligigs by paul fleischman, track over time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company. Jose's Mexican Restaurant. If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if youre hoping to attract investment and expand your company beyond the limits youve already reached. Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in advance, and cover every aspect of your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and fleischman, sales to your companys finances. Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to investors. Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: How to Write a Business Plan Table of Sudan´s Supply, Contents: How to Write the Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the essential information about what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . Whirligigs. It covers the heat resistant bacteria, major highlights of the rest of your plans chapters.

The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and why your business idea will be successful. If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is your first opportunity to grab a potential investors interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of your business plan, though its actually the last section that you should write . First, youll need to do heavy research to whirligigs fleischman ensure that your plan is explain teams work together to support speech language and communication, sound before you can write the whirligigs fleischman, executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an established business or a new startup. A startup companys executive summary will need to be interesting and restaurant, convincing to capture the attention of by paul fleischman, investors.

Your company will lack the historical data and trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors. First, youll need to resistant bacteria briefly explain who you are, the background of your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in your chosen niche. Secondly, youll need to demonstrate that youve done quality research that supports how youve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is by paul fleischman, cheap do you have the data and analysis to back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the executive summary for explain agency teams speech language and communication, an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the web. We suggest the following basic template feel free to add or subtract sections according to whirligigs by paul your own needs:

Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the purpose of the plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of debt financing to expand a store location) as well an overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to jose's mexican restaurant achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to by paul prove success of the explain how multi teams language, venture). This statement should be concise and to the point. Summarize the members of the management team, including highlights of their expertise and by paul fleischman, experience . Describe how each member contributes to the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Fresh Water Supply Essay, Services section. Products and Services. Describe the whirligigs fleischman, products and type of learner, services you are providing and who the competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service.

Summarize the major points in the Marketing and Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the by paul, Financial Plan section here. This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the logic behind the projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the Sudan´s Fresh Essay, amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the funds, and when you expect to reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the fleischman, loan. Keep this at type of learner an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . Whirligigs. In particular, complete the jose's, financial planning process before attacking this section. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise.

With these sections fleshed out, youve finished your executive summary. How to Write the Company and Financing Chapter. The company and finance section of your plan is by paul fleischman, important, because introducing the management team is critical for mexican, both start-ups and by paul, established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of success. Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional)

There are many variations and approaches on how to mexican restaurant lay out the by paul fleischman, various components of Supply, a business plan. Our approach for fleischman, the company overview section is to provide the reader with the companys legal information, address and a brief description of the companys history. Since there are follow up sections in this chapter that over go the companys location and history in heat resistant bacteria, more detail, you will want to whirligigs by paul fleischman keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by a credible Attorney. The primer below is meant only to explain the broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to the IRS: A sole proprietor is mexican, someone who owns an whirligigs by paul, unincorporated business by him or herself.

While the jose's, most simple to set up and the most common, there is by paul fleischman, a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations. So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in it, and you lose in how multi agency teams together language and communication, court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to the IRS: A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business. Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to share in the profits and losses of the company. A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to fleischman file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. Optimism Bias Management. However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for the companys debts and fleischman, liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times silent partners that wish to invest in the venture but limit their exposure to liability. A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by shareholders. A corporation is commonplace for explain how multi agency work to support, businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing.

The downside to a corporation is the problem of double taxation since the corporations profits is taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to by paul shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the heat bacteria, IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity). Some of the drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the members personal liability and only taxes profits at whirligigs by paul the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the Optimism in Project Management, type of whirligigs by paul fleischman, company you plan to open, along with the registered name you plan to use. Explain your rationale for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and Optimism Bias, your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is fleischman, especially critical. With the lack of history, there is little investors can go by to gauge the future success of Supply, a venture. The question lenders and investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money?

You must demonstrate your teams ability to execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the whirligigs fleischman, company. Tip: Dont include details about members of the Management Team that are not relevant to the reader. Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on resistant bacteria, the companys vision. If you have an established business the information you want to present is the same.

Keep in by paul fleischman, mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to manage growth of the company. As a company grows from start-up to established business, the management team must also change. Sudan´s Water Essay. They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the businesss ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and fleischman, a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is elected by the shareholders and Sudan´s Water, is the highest authority in the management of the company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of by paul, Directors is comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and industry experience. A Board of Directors typical responsibility is to set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for company management, and approve annual budgets. An advisory board is a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to play a role in your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the hammerman theme, member is committed to your company. Tips on whirligigs by paul fleischman, building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and hammerman theme, well-known individual as the first member of your Advisory Board.

This will help you to recruit other members of the Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need. Whirligigs By Paul Fleischman. As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board. Feel free to shake up the line up over time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount. Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in particular, complete the financial planning process. Hammerman Theme. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise.

There are two primary financing options: equity and debt. The primary difference between equity and debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is by paul, already in existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of money from an investor . Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to how much they value your company. There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and Optimism Management, when? What do you think your company is worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of by paul fleischman, its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in explain agency together language, the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability. The money you are seeking to fleischman raise will simply allow you to hammerman theme have enough cash to cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is by paul, a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable.

Or you might use the Bias in Project, financing to by paul get your product to the next stage in hammerman theme, its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). But the general concept is the same; the whirligigs by paul, investment you are seeking bolsters your companys cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the answer to the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to determine the in Project, cumulative cash flow.

The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in time. What do you think your company is worth? The third question is much harder to answer, especially for a new company. At the by paul, end of the day it really comes down to what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is more art than science). Mexican. However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a companys value by analyzing the market value of its assets. In other words, in fleischman, this approach the company is jose's mexican, worth the sum of all its assets if they were to be liquidated . This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for many companies the value of its branding and reputation, along with its ability to generate profits, will exceed the whirligigs by paul fleischman, value of its assets. The market approach seeks to type of learner determine a companys value by whirligigs by paul fleischman, analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy.

This is a common approach in Bias Essay, the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to determine a companys value by using its expected profit over time and then placing a value on whirligigs fleischman, that future stream of income in todays terms . Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of explain how multi to support speech, income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to whirligigs by paul account for risk. Now you have all the pieces to complete the Fresh, equation. By Paul Fleischman. You have the amount of money you need by looking at bacteria cumulative cash flow. You also have an fleischman, idea of how much money your company will be worth.

Equation to determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Heat. Instead, you should focus on the loans interest rate and whirligigs by paul, payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to ensure there is no delinquency on servicing the loan. For equity financing, answer the following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in order to further negotiate) Exit strategy.

For debt financing, answer the following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the loan The amount and Bias in Project, frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the funds. By Paul. The level of detail should be at hammerman theme a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to see expenses in more detail that will be available in whirligigs by paul fleischman, the Appendix within the hammerman theme, Profit/Loss statement. Construction of new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on whirligigs by paul, your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of credit may be a good choice.

With a line of credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and jose's restaurant, pay interest immediately on the money as it is whirligigs by paul fleischman, borrowed. It works very similarly to a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to hammerman theme how much you can borrow, the major exception that since you may be able to secure the line of credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms. In the Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and how thinking about your companys eventual exit will help shape your business model. Its recommended you review the Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Angel investors and whirligigs by paul fleischman, VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into mexican restaurant your company.

Therefore, you need to include detailed information on how you intend to sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to fleischman take a big risk, they demand a big return. You need to resistant demonstrate your business has the potential to either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger companys problem.

If your exit strategy is to whirligigs by paul sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your companys product solves that larger companys stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apples mapping software is playing catch-up to Google Maps. Teams To Support And Communication. If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an whirligigs by paul fleischman, attractive acquisition target. The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vision of the company. Its a statement your employees and explain how multi agency teams speech, customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short. 1-2 sentences max. Dont use fluff words.

Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the whirligigs by paul fleischman, company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases. Why its great: The keywords discover, develop and deliver demonstrate the companys capability to in delivering an end-to-end solution. By using the words innovate and prevail over serious diseases it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of jose's restaurant, employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and whirligigs by paul fleischman, (2) has a higher purpose then themselves.

Mission statement: We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to Supply Essay use. Why its great: In one short sentence, the company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace. It is whirligigs by paul fleischman, a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on making itself easier for Optimism Bias Essay, the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements. A. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: The Companys primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates and at whirligigs by paul all times observing the highest ethical standards. Why its horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners.

Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to resistant maximize value) and borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to by paul fleischman adhere to local and federal laws)? Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. Hammerman Theme. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: We are committed to attracting, developing, and by paul, keeping a diverse work force that reflects the nature of restaurant, our global business. Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is by paul, certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the companys mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and type of learner, completely misses the point of whirligigs by paul, having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to hammerman theme highlight relevant history on how the company came to existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to whirligigs include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in Sudan´s Fresh Essay, mind that there is no set rule as to by paul the level of detail you want to include. This is dictated by the relevancy of the information to the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plans ability to hammerman theme build credibility for your company. Every company is made of milestones.

Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on the right track. They are best when quantifiable and measureable. For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of by paul fleischman, your plan. Information you may want to Sudan´s Water Essay include: Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility.

Location is important for a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. By Paul Fleischman. If possible, provide statistics about the heat resistant bacteria, retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to by paul fleischman secure, and if there are any laws that protect the lessee from unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about what to mexican look for in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities. For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and water. Describe how the whirligigs, facility provides the hammerman theme, business with these resources. If the facility is fleischman, pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of that. Location can be an important aspect of your business even if you are not in heat resistant bacteria, retail or manufacturing.

For example, you might want to open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an whirligigs, employee recruitment and fundraising perspective. If you operate out of a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of jose's mexican restaurant, expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter. The products and whirligigs by paul fleischman, services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and butter of your business. Your products and services section should include the following sections. Products and Services Chapter Sections. Products and Services Competitors Sourcing and type of learner, Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and fleischman, Services (optional) Your products and Optimism Bias in Project Management, services are the lifeblood of your business its what your customers need, and by paul fleischman, if you get this right, everything else will follow . Explain How Multi Agency Teams Work Together Speech. Commonly referred to as product lift, which essentially means getting the secret sauce working.

It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in terms of benefits vs. features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only by paul, buying a device to tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product. Think about what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the jose's, functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on what you are going to fleischman sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from Management Essay, competing products/services.

You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. One of the reasons this is true is the potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and by paul, substitute products/services to existing customers . Think about how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether its via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Hammerman Theme. Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer. You will complete the price you want to set your products/services in fleischman, the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for you to to support language describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about how you want to price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an fleischman, extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses.

Tips on hammerman theme, how to perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in days past. Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitors job openings Competitors websites Find your competitors management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and be on the lookout for new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step.

You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to fleischman entry (does not take much to start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is common sense if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in yet, dont expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is simply the heat bacteria, process of procuring goods and services from suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service. Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an fleischman, obvious one the lower the price, the higher your profit margins will be.

Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on hand. Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and Optimism Bias Management Essay, what would happen to your ability to operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the process of how your company delivers its products/services, from point of sale to delivery. There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to order: the whirligigs by paul fleischman, product is designed and built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to order: the products design is standardized but manufacture of final product is based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to order: the product is assembled to the customers specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the product is manufactured in quantity based on expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to mexican restaurant be selling physical products and expect to hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to how you forecast the amount of inventory you need to meet your projected sales. Whirligigs. Too little inventory and you may not be able to meet demand. Too much inventory and you tie up all of your cash on excess inventory.

Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and bacteria, make sure you account for seasonality. Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors.

Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and whirligigs fleischman, a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for type of learner, you to by paul manage and explain how multi agency work to support language and communication, maximize your inventory levels. Technology in by paul fleischman, todays business environment is becoming more and more important and serves as a source of competitive advantage. Type Of Learner. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices.

FedEx uses technology to fleischman optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to ship to practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in resistant, your business and by paul fleischman, if it is critical to your business operations. If technology is critical to your business operations, then you must think about how multi agency teams together language your disaster preparedness and whirligigs by paul, contingency planning . Depending on your business, you may want to create back-up copies of data and software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to type of learner the technology? Think about whirligigs by paul alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the bacteria, road decide that the cost is too high, is there a competitor who can license you an alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an by paul fleischman, exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in detail.

There are two types of explain agency teams to support speech language and communication, intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and movies). If you have intellectual property that you want to by paul fleischman protect, it is mexican restaurant, advisable that you seek the professional advice of a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to provide a barrier to entry for fleischman, your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to Sudan´s Fresh Essay protect your invention. You should apply for a trademark for your company name and whirligigs, logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from mexican, a legal point of view, but many times is not practical in fleischman, practice.

For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and your employees and contractors. It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to type of learner your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to sign an invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out by paul fleischman, serialized notebooks for employees to use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to whom owns a piece of heat bacteria, intellectual property, there is fleischman, a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is a good idea to describe the product roadmap and strategy behind it . Jose's. A key concept is that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the life of a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out. You may discount the price of the by paul fleischman, product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on Water Supply, expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of your labor. Whirligigs By Paul. You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors.

Marketing spend for your product starts to dissipate as sales of your product are in steady decline. After including all of this information, youll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and how multi teams language and communication, market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of whirligigs fleischman, customers are trending in terms of growth and behavior. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to Bias Management your industry. Customers and Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the market overview section you are going to calculate the total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and then the segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels. By Paul. At the highest level is an estimate of the total market given 100% saturation.

Another way of mexican restaurant, looking at this is what would be the by paul, total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. This, of course, is jose's mexican, much harder to predict with accuracy. So the important thing to remember is to whirligigs fleischman utilize strong sources for your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami.

To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the Optimism Bias in Project Management Essay, average annual sales for each restaurant. Then multiply the whirligigs fleischman, two to get the total sales for all high-end restaurants. This would be your total addressable market. Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an explain how multi teams work together to support speech, equal share of the market, thereby decreasing all other competitors shares in the market. Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the by paul fleischman, market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for the customer.

And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and enough so that customers are willing to switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is solving. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on how your product serves each customer segment. Describe how your solution better solves customers pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. Agency And Communication. We do not want to go through the time and cost of switching from one companys product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is dependent on the switching cost. For example, there is virtually no cost to whirligigs fleischman switch from Coke to heat resistant bacteria Pepsi. On the other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to whirligigs by paul a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is able to jose's mexican overcome customers inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products).

Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for various aspects of whirligigs fleischman, your business. A growing or shrinking market is described in hammerman theme, more detail in the market growth section. Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses. For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an whirligigs by paul, industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on upcoming changes.

For example, the jose's mexican restaurant, Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to participate in by paul, private placement of type of learner, securities. This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to emerge to fleischman connect startups with all types of investors. You may be in mexican, an industry where political conditions have an whirligigs by paul fleischman, impact on the bottom line. For example, if you count the Dept. of restaurant, Defense as one of by paul, your clients, then the Supply, across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of by paul fleischman, 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position.

Knowing technology trends is valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the Management Essay, use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and by paul fleischman, changing consumer tastes. Water. Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the change in by paul, market size from one time period to the next (usually in years). So if the market in the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the market can be said to have grown by 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth. Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to find much of this research.

Being able to demonstrate a market is type of learner, growing is obviously important for example, the market for Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market. Whirligigs By Paul Fleischman. Most investors and lenders will not want to see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the market for Apple and Bias in Project Essay, Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to grow as those companies continue to add new customers. Your industry is defined as the group of companies that are related to you in terms of fleischman, what you sell/how you derive your revenue. For example, Ford and Nissan are both in hammerman theme, the automotive industry. Ford and Nissans market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Understanding your industrys dynamics is imperative to knowing its profit potential and attractiveness. Whirligigs By Paul Fleischman. A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is Porters five forces analysis, which analyzes an industrys competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness).

By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and Optimism Bias Essay, how your company fits within the competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is whirligigs fleischman, little standing in the way for new entrants to enter the Bias in Project Management, market and compete. If your industry is supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If there are many substitute products in your industry and whirligigs by paul, the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is Management Essay, little differentiation between competitors products, and whirligigs by paul, it is mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to take a competitors market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of customers, you want to focus on a select group that will be the mexican, most likely to purchase your product/service and account for the lions share of by paul fleischman, your companys revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from a small percentage of your customers. For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the heat resistant, student type that comes in once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually.

In this case, you should describe in by paul fleischman, detail your relationship with each of them separately. If youve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Heat. Time to move on to the next chapter! Writing the whirligigs fleischman, Marketing and Sales Chapter. The marketing and hammerman theme, sales chapter gives you an opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution.

In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include: Positioning: Are you going to whirligigs be the lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the Sudan´s Fresh Water Supply, overview section summarizes key findings from the other section. Keep this section at by paul fleischman the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the Sudan´s Water, competitive landscape. Will you compete on whirligigs by paul fleischman, price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from Optimism in Project Management, your peers?

For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace. There are three primary ways to achieve this: Economies of Scale: For example, being able to fleischman turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. The more you are able to Fresh Essay produce from whirligigs, your asset, the cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and in Project, experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to by paul low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and resistant bacteria, negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by by paul fleischman, targeting a specific segment of the market is Sudan´s Fresh Supply Essay, a compelling strategy, especially if:

Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the whirligigs, strength of their branding and not through the taste of their coffee. Determining the Sudan´s Water Supply Essay, optimal price for your products/services will require you to think through several factors: If you are going shooting for whirligigs by paul, the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for Optimism Bias, the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for whirligigs by paul fleischman, quality. How price sensitive are your customers? If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to jose's mexican be sensitive to this.

The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of whirligigs fleischman, course, exceptions. Hammerman Theme. For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on whirligigs, how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in Fresh Water, how much they can charge their customers. Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to pay for your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95. In this section, you move from describing your marketing plan onto how you will convey your marketing message to your intended audience. What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers?

Depending on your business, traditional media may be an important component of whirligigs, your complete marketing toolbox. Hammerman Theme. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In todays environment few companies can afford not to by paul have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small businesss entire marketing budget. A website is a key component of your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of mouth marketing is by far the explain how multi work language and communication, most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business. New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and more likely to continue referring your company.

There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the by paul fleischman, advent of social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to jose's mexican like your business on Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into your word of mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in whirligigs, your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. You can start by participating on public forums and Sudan´s Supply Essay, blogs related to your business and whirligigs, adapting the Optimism Management Essay, adage give more to get more.

How will your products be available? On one end of the spectrum is by paul, direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to retailers, who in turn sell to agency work together to support language consumers. Whirligigs Fleischman. Three common models: Product is Optimism Bias in Project Management, stocked in mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Fleischman. Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery.

Product is only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and sell to customers. Writing the Strategy and Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals. It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional)

Milestones are the key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the companys first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to measure the success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Teams Work Together To Support And Communication. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). A new company has an extremely high-risk profile but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the companys risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed.

Investors and lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for by paul fleischman, store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only Sudan´s Water Supply Essay, turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your companys strengths and fleischman, weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to heat resistant bacteria your business and the threats it faces. Strengths and Weaknesses refer to internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as:

Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into fleischman four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors? This is a straightforward competitive edge that is Sudan´s Fresh Essay, very difficult to deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in fleischman, order to achieve economies of scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is hammerman theme, a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in whirligigs by paul, order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the market that may be under-served.

Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book Blue Ocean Strategy, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is resistant, a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for better customer service . Nordstroms is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in business. There are a wide variety of fleischman, alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for a partnership in the future and that should be included in resistant, this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and power of your business.

Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and whirligigs fleischman, provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from several key customers. Inking an Bias, exclusive agreement to lock in revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances for example, to set standards for whirligigs, the industry or to help further adoption of resistant bacteria, a technology. For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to increase the adoption of Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters.

Writing the financial plan, financial statements, and by paul, sales forecast will be the resistant bacteria, most difficult part of your entire plan. It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the whirligigs fleischman, size of the market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. These sections are the red meat of Optimism Essay, your plan these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to whirligigs by paul fleischman make sure they know theyre making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the price in which you will sell your products and services, the explain how multi agency teams to support language, cost it will take to whirligigs fleischman produce or sell the heat resistant, product/service, and the number of units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast. It is highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the foundation for defining the sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of your target market and by paul, what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Marketing plan.

For example, if you plan on Bias in Project Essay, hiring several sales people nine months from the start of your business, you should forecast an increase in sales thereafter. This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for whirligigs fleischman, most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in Sudan´s Water Supply Essay, price over whirligigs by paul fleischman, time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the explain how multi agency work to support language and communication, direct cost of producing your product/service (at the whirligigs fleischman, unit level). Otherwise known as cost of goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of sales on a sliding scale. Hammerman Theme. Costs vary each month: The cost of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over whirligigs by paul fleischman, time for type of learner, several reasons: Economy of scale: the more units you produce, the cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the whirligigs, more units you buy from your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on time of year.

This is the expected number of units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time. Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by how multi agency speech, products/services sold. In the United States, there is fleischman, no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services. Sudan´s Water Essay. Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to whirligigs by paul collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the sales tax from your customers and then remit the tax to the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for each component of the sales forecast is accurate, so will the overall sales forecast.

You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of hiring personnel are often the largest expense of Sudan´s Water Supply, any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and whirligigs fleischman, contractors you plan to hire. The number of personnel you plan to hire and at what time is more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and youll burn through your working capital. Jose's. Too few staff and youll run the risk of alienating your customers and partners when you cant deliver. A good way to think about fleischman your personnel plan is to think about the milestones you want your business to accomplish and explain how multi agency and communication, what personnel are required to by paul get your business there.

You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to heat resistant this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan. Whirligigs By Paul Fleischman. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and scale quickly in order to explain agency teams speech language and communication generate large revenues. Whirligigs Fleischman. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and Water, maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations. Changes over time: You might want to fleischman define a compensation plan for mexican restaurant, sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for by paul, example.

Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the United States, for example, you are legally required to resistant provide employee-type benefits in whirligigs, certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, workers compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. Type Of Learner. This is referred to fleischman the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only hammerman theme, affects employees and by paul, not contractors. If unsure what to enter, 15% is jose's mexican, a fair estimate. Explain the assumptions and methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate. For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to whirligigs fleischman coincide with the agency work speech language, release of a new product.

Enter expenses you plan on whirligigs, incurring for your business. A good way to make sure you capture majority of your businesss expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. Categorize expense into groups, such legal and administrative, rent and Bias in Project Management, leases, and telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and intangible assets. Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over by paul, its useful lifetime. This is an accounting method that allows the business to hammerman theme allocate the costs of the asset over by paul fleischman, its life by gradually reducing its value.

Common fixed assets: Land and heat resistant, Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Intangible assets are amortized over by paul, its useful life. These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the in Project Essay, total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront.

Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on the month it which it was made. Whirligigs. This type of mexican, expense is better described as a prepaid expense, since the by paul fleischman, use of the explain how multi work to support speech language and communication, office is whirligigs, spread out over hammerman theme, a 12-month period of time and can be considered an by paul fleischman, asset on the Balance Sheet that is expensed over time. By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an hammerman theme, amortized short term asset) then the PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on month in which it was made. Fleischman. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the resistant, amount of Prepaid Lease that is remaining at whirligigs by paul fleischman the end of the accounting period. Enter an estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and local income tax. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in the Personnel Section as the Fresh Supply Essay, Burden Rate). As this is only an estimate, 100% accuracy is not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%). Dividends and whirligigs by paul, distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the companys shareholders/owners, taken from the companys profit. Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the owners. You may want to set this to zero initially and see how the type of learner, financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and by paul fleischman, determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to teams together and communication owners/shareholders.

Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the by paul fleischman, monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the hammerman theme, business up and running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of these expenses and include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the money from the purchaser. Most companies operate by allowing some portion of fleischman, their sales to Bias in Project be on fleischman, credit. These types of sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to heat resistant avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs. You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of whirligigs fleischman, your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for some businesses it is hammerman theme, preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to fleischman collect payment.

Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back. In Project Management. The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. By Paul. It is typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and hammerman theme, banks. It is to your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. Whirligigs By Paul Fleischman. When looking at accounts receivable (what is heat, owed to you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to remember is that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and by paul, you want to jose's mexican restaurant pay others as late as possible (cash on fleischman, hand is jose's, king).

Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit. You want this percentage to fleischman be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. However, ensure you are able to explain how multi work together and communication pay your vendors on the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on average, to collect incoming payments? Select the typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and when the payment arrives.

Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and you plan on keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of inventory you wish to keep on hand. The more months of by paul fleischman, inventory you hold on hand, the more cash is tied up in inventory. This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from industry to industry, and business to business. A good place to find more information is trade associations for your industry.

In order to improve your companys inventory management, you will need to start by collecting good records on your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and hammerman theme, managing cash flow is very important to any business. Whirligigs. The time period for credit sales and payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry. Paying and hammerman theme, getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in whirligigs by paul, which you will make and receive payments.

How did you come to these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out a loan, you borrow an amount of money (principal) from a lender, and resistant bacteria, are obligated to pay back at a later time (usually in installments). You will typically pay interest on the loan. If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to finance growth is commonplace. These might include credit cards, home equity line of by paul fleischman, credit (HELOC), and installment loans. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral.

Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrowers assets. Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is not charged on the part of the heat resistant, line of by paul fleischman, credit that is unused, and the borrower can draw on the line of how multi together speech language and communication, credit at whirligigs any time that he or she needs to. If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the amount, as you want to explain how multi agency work to support language forecast the financials assuming you have secured the line of by paul, credit. The line of Sudan´s Fresh Water, credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institutions request. Investments include injections of whirligigs fleischman, cash into type of learner the business from you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in exchange for whirligigs fleischman, equity (ownership).

In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. Jose's Restaurant. If you are a startup, it is likely that the money you make from sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out a loan, receiving investors capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to take into whirligigs account your companys financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of your plan. Enter starting balances for explain how multi teams together and communication, assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and whirligigs, Earnings:

Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an type of learner, existing business, you can enter past financial data here. This is whirligigs by paul fleischman, optional and Sudan´s Supply, will be used to by paul calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section. For each year of your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is healthy. For example, a restaurant might use the number of tables it can turn per mexican night and the average revenue per fleischman dinner. Think about what levers make the most impact to in Project Management Essay your business. You will want to continuously track and monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is working.

Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and fleischman, profit. It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into the companys projected bottom line. The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections. If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections. The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of Supply Essay, your companys financial position at a given point in time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholders equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is put back into running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display. If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by whirligigs by paul fleischman, going back to the builder in the Financial Plan section.

If you are an existing business, you have the option of hammerman theme, adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section. The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and outflows from your operating, investing and financing activities. Rather than providing an overview like the balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. In other words, how much money did you start and end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. You can go back to fleischman edit the Bias Management, sections in the Financial Plan section in order to change the accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of fleischman, your business. The report here is a read-only display. How Multi Agency Teams To Support Speech Language And Communication. If you wish to change any of the information, you may do so by editing the relevant financial information youve entered previously.

The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to whirligigs by paul fleischman cash is the company in case. This is important in determining the ability of the explain how multi teams work together and communication, business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt. The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the company in fleischman, its ability to in Project Management Essay make a profit. The ratios show how much of sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and expenses into fleischman account.

The Debt Ratio shows how much of the businesss assets are financed by debt and in Project, how much of the businesss assets are financed by stockholders equity. The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Investment) which is the percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by the cost of the investment. The most common method of calculating ROI is to divide net profit by total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan. It is by far the most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements. In all likelihood, you will need to whirligigs hire an Optimism in Project Management Essay, expert or accountant to help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to realistic outcomes.

To finish it off, youll need to whirligigs by paul fleischman write an appendix and how multi agency together to support speech language, a glossary of terms. Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in this chapter, and your glossary of terms will simply define the terms of your business that an fleischman, investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to start a business, but dont know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the different chapters and sections necessary to attract equity investments and loans. Although our examples are specific to each industry, keep in mind that every plan will be unique depending on your location, your customer base, and your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for you and your dream.

Click the images to view our full business examples. 4. The Pros and Cons of Downloading a Business Plan Template. 1. Write with confidence you wont be forgetting any important information. Using this free template can help you write your own plan, without the hassle of figuring out how to order your chapters, or the type of learner, worry of feeling like you might be missing a section. We provide the whirligigs, entire bare bones skeleton of a business plan within this Microsoft Word .doc download. After you download it, its up to you to flesh out the hammerman theme, details and ensure that each section is by paul, as well researched and intelligently conceived as possible. 2. Step-by-step writing guide and Fresh, writing samples included. Our plans come with a complete how-to guide with examples from our professional business plan samples to help steer you through your writing. 3. Completely free no hidden costs, just download and start writing.

This plan is completely free. Whirligigs. You may encounter other people or websites on how multi speech language and communication, the Internet charging a price to download the guide. Do not purchase them there is whirligigs by paul fleischman, no benefit at all to purchasing a pre-fabricated plan. Optimism Bias In Project Management Essay. None of the information will be relevant to your company, and youll be gaining nothing but the by paul fleischman, order and structure of the plan something that you could easily research and hammerman theme, re-create on whirligigs fleischman, your own. Sound good? Keep in mind that while this guide may give you a better idea of how a it should be structured, that represents only about 5% of the heavy lifting of writing an agency teams work, actual the whirligigs by paul, complete document. Dont forget that every plan needs well structured elevator pitch. 1. Youll have to do complicated business planning math and type of learner, calculations yourself or pay an fleischman, expensive rate for someone else to hammerman theme do them.

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Copyright 2017 Legal Templates LLC. Legal Templates LLC is type of learner, not a lawyer, or a law firm and does not engage in the practice of by paul fleischman, law. Legal Templates cannot and does not provide legal advice or legal representation. All information, software and services provided on jose's mexican restaurant, the site are for informational purposes and self-help only and whirligigs by paul, are not intended to be a substitute for a lawyer or professional legal advice. How Multi Together. Use of this site is fleischman, subject to our Terms of Use.

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Essays in the Tim Maroney Web Collection. Paganism is by paul fleischman, a loose word for the large variety of polytheistic, shamanistic, and mystical non-monotheistic religions. Paganism exists in all cultures, from paleolithic to technological, but has historically waxed and waned. The ancient Egyptians are an example of mexican restaurant a highly pagan society; so are the ancient Romans; and all paleolithic cultures from the Old Stone Age to the present have strong pagan elements. Whirligigs. An example of Sudan´s Fresh Water Essay a less pagan culture would be the West for the last thousand years or so, since the centuries following the Fall of Rome. The domination of the Middle East by by paul Christians and Moslems has also largely shut out paganism. Characteristic of Sudan´s Water paganism is a tolerance for by paul other paganistic ideas, even those that literally contradict one's own. Such persecutions as have been directed against paganistic religions by each other are by-products of political struggles and restaurant mass population movements rather than ideologically motivated. The same is to some extent true of early Judaism, which was the direct inheritor to the traditions of a strongly pagan society. A slave revolt apparently led to a few hundred thousand slaves with no place to live; to get them, they butchered the inhabitants of fleischman pagan cities and hammerman theme took up residence in fleischman the cities themselves.

They invoked their war god to justify this action. Sudan´s Water Supply. Similarly, when the beginnings of the modern Greek mythology were laid down, it was as a result of invading Northern barbarians supplanting the earlier (and somewhat gynocentric) Titan mythology with their imported religion, which grew more refined and less aggressive later on, as happened with Judaism. Before it came under the thumb of monotheism, the West was dominated by the highly civilized Roman culture. The Roman Republic and Empire were characterized by an unusually large number of religions together in a single social whole, frequently sharing the by paul fleischman same geography and even the same temples. This explicitly eclectic (or syncretistic, as it is more usually known in explain agency teams work together speech language studies of the whirligigs by paul Romans) synthesis is more similar to modern neo-paganism than any other form of Water Essay historical paganism I know of. However, it ended after the by paul Christian emperors took over and Rome fell. The post-pagan West experienced frequent resurgences of paganism in various forms. If we date this at 1000 CE for convenience, we see first the Inquisitorial period, where paganism was punished with death and torture.

Then there comes the Renaissance, in which pagan symbolism and explain how multi agency work together to support speech and communication ideas in art and philosophy were somewhat more common than explicitly Christian ones. The Renaissance lasted until the 16th century. Whirligigs By Paul. Note that the Inquisitions lasted effectively until the Enlightenment period, and jose's restaurant were bad during the Renaissance, but ceased to be mostly ideologically motivated after the by paul fleischman first three centuries. The Inquisition had become a political arm of the Vatican, a force useful in many ways other than suppressing heresy. Type Of Learner. It spent much of its time accomplishing political, antifeminist, and covert goals of the Church.

We see in the trial of the Templars in the fourteenth century that uncommonly faithful people were caught in a secular political struggle between the King of France and the Pope. They were routinely tortured, the usual prompted confessions were given, and they were executed, for by paul fleischman reasons having nothing to do with ideology or heresy except as excuses. It is also during the Bias Essay Renaissance that we begin to have evidence of what we may consider explicitly religious paganism again. Most of the grimoires we have date from this era; alchemists, often overtly Christian but employing pagan symbolism and texts, were most common during the Renaissance; the whirligigs by paul fleischman Kabbalah and Tarot originate in the Renaissance, forming the backbone of modern pagan symbolism. The Renaissance also saw the type of learner obscure origins of a rebirth, in improved form, of Greek humanism, technically pagan because of its suppression by Christian Rome and its use of theistic symbols. The Reformation was again a less pagan period; Protestant rulers like Elizabeth and whirligigs fleischman James carried out their own anti-heresy pogroms, annihilating most evidence of witchcraft. Hammerman Theme. Of particular interest in the Reformation is Scot's The Discoverie of whirligigs Witchcraft, which presents the humanist and rationalist perspective on explain how multi work together to support speech and communication witches which has generally triumphed today: that witch accusations were more often driven by fleischman factors such as ugliness, personal enmity, poverty, and so forth than on ideological grounds, and that in fact there were no witches. This is probably true only of the later Inquisitorial period.

Earlier on, the Inquisition certainly did help in the temporary stamping out of paganism; so if pagans are witches, there were witches. We need not bother much with Murray's supposedly anthropological study of English witchcraft in the Inquisitorial period, except to jose's restaurant note that it has been devoutly accepted by many modern pagans, and to point out some of its flaws. Whirligigs Fleischman. Based on late Inquisitorial evidence and agency teams speech the consistency of the confessions obtained by the Inquistors, and tossing in some disjointed scraps of English folk history and legend, Murray asks us to whirligigs believe that a paleolithic subculture lasted in England, living semi-naked in the bushes, until nearly the beginning of the Reformation at Optimism, least, and possibly until the current day. Whirligigs. Of course late Inquistorial confessions were consistent; they were practically dictated to the torture victim. A much better account of the relationship of paganism to Christianity before and during England's post-pagan period is Jessi Weston's classic From Ritual to Romance. Its conclusions were derived from decades of intense study of the Grail mythology and its anthropological, mythological, and social context. As a parting note on the Reformation, we may note the peculiar phenomenon of court astrologers and alchemists and their ilk, the most notable examples being the bacteria sorcerer John Dee and the seer Edward Kelley under Elizabeth. These were the inheritors of Paracelsus and the other alchemists and Christian medicine doctors, using pagan symbols and methods with a veil of Christian symbolism. Kelley stopped the work of by paul fleischman Dee and Optimism in Project Essay Kelley under unknown circumstances; he is said to fleischman have been told by the angels to form a group sex arrangement with Dee and his wife, which they supposedly did for a while; in another version, Kelley was driven from the work by a prophecy of a new age dawning, which was heresy. So, on to the Enlightenment of the seventeenth century.

This was more humanistic than religious, though humanism is a religion on alternate Tuesdays; it all depends which of the how multi agency teams work together language many reasonable definitions you use. In any case, the seventeenth centuries saw the first applications of the renewed Greek humanism that originated in the Renaissance. Fleischman. The counter-Christian current was running stronger; more and more, people were beginning to demand equal treatment for all, and freedom from the rigid boundaries of thought and expression imposed on how multi agency together to support them by governments and churches alike. This humanism has colored most opposition religious movements in America since this time, much for the better in my opinion. This is because principles of respect for the individual were put into the American system of government (as an afterthought - the humanistic heyday had ended in the 1780's in America, and the new would-be ruling class had to whirligigs fleischman be forcibly reminded), and the governmental structure was such that it was able to make progress in its understanding of freedom.

Things did not work out quite so well in France's humanistic revolution, largely due to Robespierre, the atheistic moral grandfather of Stalin and Pol Pot. Sudan´s Water. He interpreted opposition to monarchy as punishing high birth with low death, and then set out ruthlessly to purge opposition and deviation. Fleischman. Soon monarchy was re-established in France. The nineteenth century was a period of jose's restaurant resurgence of paganism. The neo-classical movement was explicitly devoted to rediscovering the virtues of the highly pagan societies Rome and Greece. This movement was to be by far the dominant force of the century.

Humanism was further applied to the institution of slavery, resulting in war and social upheaval. The Prometheans such as Blake, Shelley, Byron, and so forth were widely considered to be among the greatest luminaries of the period. The method of science and whirligigs its results made available much more information on Bias in Project religions of the East and of less civilized cultures. Contact between religiously different but politically equal forces invariably leads to whirligigs fleischman mutual excuses for the other, largely to help keep trade going, but also as a result of time spent in heat resistant bacteria foreign climes observing the practice of religion. This creates, although not in great numbers at first, a different attitude toward religions than the dogmatic denial of all other religions possible only whirligigs fleischman under a large and self-sufficient monolithic theocracy. Other religions are seen as not necessarily conflicting with one's own any more than another art movement does with one's own favorite.

There was a more open resurgence of sorcery in less overtly Christian forms, particularly in hammerman theme the last half of the century. This attracted many notable adherents, and by paul fleischman from the publication of The Magus by Sudan´s Fresh Supply Barrett in 1801, the movement created a magical library in modern English which is still widely read and used. It used the work of Renaissance magicians, court sorcerors, Kabalists, and so forth, and whirligigs attempted to apply the psychological principles of the day in various original fudgings. There was also the Theosophical movement, largely discredited by Blavatsky's proven cheating on Optimism Bias in Project Management tests of psychic powers, and whirligigs rather more like spiritualism with Eastern allusions than any Eastern religion. The psychical movement, which changed its name to heat parapsychology, grew out of spiritualism, which grew out of mesmerism, which was apparently fairly original and totally ludicrous, but did yield the secret of hypnotism. This led legitimate investigators to examine the claims of other groups usually brushed off as mystical.

The early Society for Psychical Research, founded in 1882 and led by prominent scientists such as the American psychologist William James, was formed first, to carry on systematic experimentation with hypnotic subjects, mediums, clairvoyants, and others; and, secondly, to collect evidence concerning apparitions, haunted houses, and similar phenomena which are incidentally reported, but which, from their fugitive nature, admit of whirligigs fleischman no deliberate control. It is to be noted that there is still, a century later, no replicable experiment to demonstrate the existence of anything but hypnotic subjects in this list. Fresh Supply. It is whirligigs by paul, also worth noting that while general models of the layout of the psyche continue to be employed in psychotherapy, there is still no generally agreed upon hammerman theme, experimental methodology to falsify features of these models. Finally, it should be noted that the ritual magic methods employed by many pagans, in other times as well as today, still have not been placed under real scientific scrutiny to determine whether or not they produce any physically measurable effects. (My feeling is that such effects are limited in scope to participants in the rituals and people who have knowledge of their occurrence, whether such knowledge is true or false.) Various factions of magicians struggled to survive in the early half of the twentieth century, against an increasingly Christian atheist culture; that is, a materialistic populace concerned almost exclusively with day-to-day life and easy entertainment, but still paying occasional lip service to Christianity and suspicious of all other religions. Most of the inheritors of nineteenth-century magical paganism were hopelessly fragmented and dogmatized, incapable of working together and resolving their differences. In the late forties, Gerald Gardner began publishing books on witchcraft.

Gardner was a known associate of Aleister Crowley's and by paul his rituals use a lot of symbolism drawn from Crowley, but only a few actual references to Crowley. He is also reported to have associated with Theosophist groups. Crowley was one of the type of learner chief inheritors of the jumble left at the end of the whirligigs nineteenth century, as well as a traveller and student in Eastern lands. In any case, Gardner (after Crowley) called for yet another neo-classicism, following the pattern of all the other resurgences of Graeco-Roman paganism, but more explicitly religious. The laudable looseness of Gardner's system was more attractive to magically inclined people than the type of learner Golden Dawn and Theosophy splinters remaining.

It freed them to create on their own, and they went at it with a vengeance. One reason for whirligigs by paul fleischman the greater effective freedom was that Gardner was not as hard an act to follow as many of the Golden Dawn leaders. Type Of Learner. He was soon gone beyond by his students, many of whom went off to form their own Gardnerian splinters and mythological histories of their origin. Another reason was the less formidable Gardnerian system of initiation. Most magical groups had complex multi-layered spiritual hierarchies. These were supposed to represent psychological fact, but little in the way of acceptable empirical observation was used to correct these schemes, mostly drawn from loose interpretations of the Kabala, and whirligigs fleischman they can't be said to have really compelling inter-individual force. Work Language. These were replaced by a simple hierarchy of three grades. This was the high-level structure of the Golden Dawn, and of a number of whirligigs by paul Masonic groups, which divided their degrees into categories. The third grade was no longer reserved for Optimism Management Essay secret chiefs who almost certainly never existed or for mythological prophets, and the initiations had a more joyful and celebratory character, rather than a system of awful psychological ordeals. (I feel that the emphasis on whirligigs by paul fleischman ordeals and spiritual hierarchy was a product of Christian influence, with the triumph of martyrdom as a supreme spiritual experience and the hierarchic nature of the Church, and that a simpler formula based on Thelemic growth, like the dominant neo-pagan formula, rather than Christian death/rebirth is more appropriate.) A common claim among neo-pagans is that paganism was suddenly revealed to the world in the fifties after centuries of hiding. Type Of Learner. This is demonstrably false; all that is by paul, needed is a bit of history, textual analysis, and symbolic comparison to see how close neo-paganism (as the movement came to Fresh Supply Essay be known in the sixties) is to whirligigs fleischman its known historical antecedents.

But mythological histories are themselves traditional in world religions. Water Essay. While it is important to know the real history of a religion, this does not invalidate the possible value of whirligigs by paul mythological tales of the origin, because these serve as fictional statements of intent, often incorporating powerful symbolism. They have literary value in this respect; and literary or other artistic value is a type of spiritual value. Modern religious paganism has made a unique contribution. No eclectic/pagan movement of the historical past has brought the contributions of paleolithic shamanism into the fold as well as has neo-paganism. In large part this is due to a rise in knowledge of such religions at the same time as the rise of neo-paganism. Bacteria. This is an extremely valuable contribution; in shamanism lies the roots of all human religion. A coven meeting still resembles a Golden Dawn lodge considerably more than it does a shamanistic lodge, despite the by paul valuable addition of techniques originating in shamanism. This has been a neccessarily brief and incomplete account. I have not mentioned Rabelais, the Rosicrucians, the decadent poets, Nietzsche, de Sade, Levi, Gurdjieff, James, Augustine, Shakespeare, Masonry, Paine, American utopian communities, Jung, Merlin, art and spirit, or Gnosticism, all of which are vital elements of the story; I have given short shrift to Optimism Bias in Project Management the psychical movement and its influence on fleischman nineteenth and twentieth century paganism; and I have neglected many other relevant topics.

But I hope this will suffice as a brief overview of the pagan history preceding neo-paganism. all original work on this web site is copyright 1980-2002 by hammerman theme tim maroney.